Environmental Changes in the North Atlantic Region: SCANNET as a Collaborative Approach for Documenting, Understanding and Predicting Changes

Abisko Scientific Research Station, Sweden.
AMBIO A Journal of the Human Environment (Impact Factor: 2.29). 12/2004; Spec No 13:39-50.
Source: PubMed


The lands surrounding the North Atlantic Region (the SCANNET Region) cover a wide range of climate regimes, physical environments and availability of natural resources. Except in the extreme North, they have supported human populations and various cultures since at least the end of the last ice age. However, the region is also important at a wider geographical scale in that it influences the global climate and supports animals that migrate between the Arctic and all the other continents of the world. Climate, environment and land use in the region are changing rapidly and projections suggest that global warming will be amplified there while increasing land use might dramatically reduce the remaining wilderness areas. Because much of the region is sparsely populated--if populated at all--observational records of past environmental changes and their impacts are both few and of short duration. However, it is becoming very important to record the changes that are now in progress, to understand the drivers of these changes, and to predict future consequences of the changes. To facilitate research into understanding impacts of global change on the lands of the North Atlantic Regions, and also to monitor changes in real time, an EU-funded network of research sites and infrastructures was formed in 2000: this was called SCANNET--SCANdinavian/North European NETwork of Terrestrial Field Bases. SCANNET currently consists of 9 core sites and 5 sites within local networks that together cover the broad range of current climate and predicted change in the region. Climate observations are well replicated across the network, whereas each site has tended to select particular environmental and ecological subjects for intensive observation. This provides diversity of both subject coverage and expertise. In this paper, we summarize the findings of SCANNET to-date and outline its information bases in order to increase awareness of data on environmental change in the North Atlantic Region. We also identify important gaps in our understanding and identify where the roles of existing infrastructures and activities represented by SCANNET can facilitate future research, monitoring and ground-truthing activities.

1 Follower
12 Reads
  • Source
    • "To understand and predict the scope and intensity of impacts of probable future changes in climate, a coordinated , multi-approach response is required (Callaghan 2004). TEK has a potential key role in this response (Huntington and others 2004). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Scientific studies of challenges of climate change could be improved by including other sources of knowledge, such as traditional ecological knowledge (TEK), in this case relating to the Sámi. This study focuses on local variations in snow and ice conditions, effects of the first durable snow, and long term changes in snow and ice conditions as pre-requisites for understanding potential future changes. Firstly, we characterised snow types and profiles based on Sámi categories and measured their density and hardness. Regression analysis showed that density can explain much of the variation in hardness, while snow depth was not significantly correlated with hardness. Secondly, we found that whether it is dry/cold or warm/wet around the fall of the first durable snow is, according to Sámi reindeer herders, crucial information for forecasting winter grazing conditions, but this has had limited focus within science. Thirdly, elderly herders’ observations of changes in snow and ice conditions by ‘reading nature’ can aid reinterpretation of meteorological data by introducing researchers to alternative perspectives. In conclusion we found remarkable agreement between scientific measurements and Sámi terminology. We also learnt that TEK/science cooperation has much potential for climate change studies, though time and resources are needed to bridge the gap between knowledge systems. In particular, TEK attention to shifts in nature can be a useful guide for science.
    Polar Record 06/2011; 47(03):202 - 217. DOI:10.1017/S0032247410000434 · 0.67 Impact Factor
  • Source
    • "To understand and predict the scope and intensity of impacts of probable future changes in climate, a coordinated , multi-approach response is required (Callaghan 2004). TEK has a potential key role in this response (Huntington and others 2004). "

    Polar Record 47:202-217. · 0.67 Impact Factor
  • K Ammer ·
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A comprehensive literature search in multiple databases yielded 2926 hits for the search terms thermometry and thermography. Therefore, this literature survey is based only on publications listed in the databases Embase and Medline between 1.1.2005 and 31.12.2005 and matching with one of the following 8 keywords: “thermograpy”, “thermology“, “ “thermal imaging”, “infrared imaging”, thermometry”, “temperature measurement”, “skin temperature” and “core temperature”. After restricting the number of hits by combining the search terms with the key word “human, 735 references were obtained. Thermal imaging was the main subject of 169 papers, all other publications were related to temperature measurements in humans. This literature survey has demonstrated a continuously high interest in both temperature related physiology and temperature related treatment mainly hypothermia for patients in a critical state of health.
    Thermology International 01/2006; 16(1):16-36.
Show more

Similar Publications