Article

Macrophage migration inhibitory factor in rheumatoid arthritis.

Centre for Inflammatory Diseases, Monash University, Department of Medicine, Monash Medical Centre, Clayton, Melbourne, VIC 3168, Australia.
Frontiers in Bioscience (Impact Factor: 4.25). 02/2005; 10:12-22. DOI: 10.2741/1501
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Rheumatoid arthritis is characterised by the interaction of multiple mediators, among the most important of which are cytokines. In recent years, extensive data demonstrates a pivotal role for one cytokine, macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), in fundamental events in innate and adaptive immunity. MIF has now been demonstrated to be involved in the pathogenesis of many diseases, but in the case of RA the evidence for a role of MIF is very strong. MIF is abundantly expressed in the serum of RA patients, and in RA synovial tissue where it correlates with disease activity. MIF induces synoviocyte expression of key proinflammatory genes including TNF, IL-1, IL-6, IL-8, cPLA2, COX2 and MMPs. MIF also regulates the function of endothelial cells and B cells. Moreover, MIF is implicated in the control of synoviocyte proliferation and apoptosis via direct effects on the expression of the tumor suppressor protein p53. In multiple rat and mouse models of RA, anti-MIF antibodies or genetic MIF deficiency are associated with significant inhibition of disease. MIF -/- mice further demonstrate increases in synovial apoptosis. That the human Mif gene is encoded by different functional alleles in subjects with inflammatory disease also provides evidence for the role of MIF in RA. The mechanism of action of MIF is becoming better understood. MIF appears to interact with cell surface CD74, with consequent activation of MAP kinases but possibly not NFkappaB intracellular signal transduction. This apparent selectivity may be implicated in the ability of MIF to antagonise the effects of glucocorticoids. As MIF expression is induced by glucocorticoids, inhibition of its antagonistic effects may permit enhanced therapeutic effect of glucocorticoids, or "steroid sparing". To date there are no clinical trials of MIF antagonism in any disease, but exploitation of antibody, soluble receptor, or small molecule approaches enabled by the unique crystal structure of MIF, may soon lead to the ability to test in the clinic the importance of this cytokine in human RA.

0 Followers
 · 
356 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a proinflammatory cytokine. This study explored the association of 173G/C polymorphism of the MIF gene with coronary heart disease (CHD). Methods. Sequencing was carried out after polymerase chain reaction with DNA specimens from 186 volunteers without CHD and 70 patients with CHD. Plasma MIF levels on admission were measured by ELISA. Patients were classified into either stable angina pectoris (SAP) or unstable angina pectoris (UAP). Genotype distribution between cases and controls and the association of patients' genotypes with MIF level and plaque stability were statistically evaluated (ethical approval number: 2012-01). Results. The frequency of the C genotype was higher in CHD patients than in the control (P = 0.014). The frequency of the 173(*)CC genotype was higher in CHD patients than in the control (P = 0.005). The plasma MIF level was higher in MIF173(*)C carriers than in MIF173(*)G carriers (P = 0.033). CHD patients had higher plasma MIF levels than the control (P = 0.000). Patients with UAP had higher plasma MIF levels than patients with SAP (P = 0.014). Conclusions. These data suggest that MIF -173G/C polymorphism may be related to the development of CHD in a Chinese population. Plasma MIF level is a predictor of plaque stability. This trial is registered with NCT01750502 .
    01/2015; 2015:315174. DOI:10.1155/2015/315174
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Oviductus Ranae is the dry oviduct of Rana chensinensis, which is also called R. chensinensis oil. Oviductus Ranae is a valuable Chinese crude drug and is recorded in the Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China. The aim of this study was to investigate the immunostimulatory activity of protein hydrolysate of Oviductus Ranae (ORPH) and to assess its possible mechanism. Immunomodulatory activity of ORPH was examined in murine macrophage RAW 264.7 cells. The effect of ORPH on the phagocytic activity of macrophages was determined by the neutral red uptake assay. After treatment with ORPH, NO production levels in the culture supernatant were investigated by Griess assay. The mRNA and protein expressions of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) were detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting. The production of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 after treatment with ORPH was measured using ELISA assay. In addition, NF-κB levels were also investigated by Western blot. The results showed that ORPH enhanced the phagocytosis of macrophage, increased productions of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, and NO in RAW 264.7 cells, and upregulated the mRNA and protein expression of iNOS. Besides, NF-κB, levels in RAW 264.7 cells were elevated after ORPH treatment. These findings suggested that ORPH might stimulate macrophage activities by activating the NF-κB pathway.
    Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 12/2014; 2014:180234. DOI:10.1155/2014/180234 · 2.18 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF) is an inflammatory cytokine that is highly produced in gastrointestinal cancers. Since chronic inflammation is a risk factor for tumorigenesis in these cancers, in this study, the role of MIF in pro-tumorigenic events was examined. MIF and its receptor, CD74, were examined in gastric and colon tumors and found to be increased in most tumors with significantly higher expression in tumors from patients with lymph node metastasis. MIF was also found to be highly produced by cancer associated fibroblasts isolated from human tumors compared to fibroblasts from matched normal tissues from uninvolved areas. Fibroblast-produced MIF highly increased GI cancer cell proliferation, which was decreased upon neutralizing MIF or CD74. Chronic MIF treatment led to sustained proliferation and signaling events in non-transformed GI fibroblast cells, which was maintained upon removing MIF treatment for 8 weeks. Additionally, chronic treatment of normal GI cells expressing fibroblast markers for up to 16 weeks with MIF led to a drastic decrease of fibroblast markers with concurrent increase of epithelial markers. Transformation was examined by telomerase and focus forming assays. These results suggest the MIF promotes mesenchymal epithelial transition, cell transformation and tumorigenesis in GI cancers, and thus may be an important link between chronic inflammation and tumorigenesis.
    PLoS ONE 06/2014; 9(6):e98656. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0098656 · 3.53 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
74 Downloads
Available from
May 19, 2014