Rapid advancement to more concentrated formula in infants after surgery for congenital heart disease reduces duration of hospital stay: a randomized clinical trial.
ABSTRACT To determine the impact of rapid advancement to more concentrated formula on weight gain and duration of hospitalization for infants after cardiac surgery.
We performed a double-blinded, randomized trial of rapid advancement to higher achieved formula concentration for postoperative infants younger than 1 year of age. After transfer to the inpatient ward from the critical care unit, infants were randomly assigned to rapid advancement to a higher achieved formula concentration (2-day transition) or usual care (5-day transition, lower concentration target).
The adequacy of energy intake (expressed as the median percentage of the estimated energy requirement) before discharge from the hospital was 98% in the intervention versus 78% in the usual care group ( P = .01). Before discharge, the median rate of weight gain was greater in the rapid advancement (20 g/d) versus the usual care group (loss of 35 g/d, P < .03). The median postoperative duration of stay on the cardiology inpatient unit was 5 days for the intervention versus 6 days for the usual care group ( P < .05).
Rapid advancement to higher achieved formula concentration significantly improved energy intake and weight gain and decreased duration of postoperative hospital stay in infants after cardiac surgery.
Article: Nutrition Algorithms for Infants with Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome; Birth through the First Interstage Period.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Failure to thrive is common in infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and its variants and those with poor growth may be at risk for worse surgical and neurodevelopmental outcomes. The etiology of growth failure in this population is multifactorial and complex, but may be impacted by nutritional intervention. There are no consensus guidelines outlining best practices for nutritional monitoring and intervention in this group of infants. The Feeding Work Group of the National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative performed a literature review and assessment of best nutrition practices from centers participating in the collaborative in order to provide nutritional recommendations and levels of evidence for those caring for infants with single ventricle physiology.Congenital Heart Disease 08/2012; · 0.90 Impact Factor
Article: Trajectories of parasympathetic nervous system function before, during, and after feeding in infants with transposition of the great arteries.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Compromised parasympathetic response to stressors may underlie feeding difficulties in infants with complex congenital heart defects, but little is known about the temporal pattern of parasympathetic response across phases of feeding. The aim of this study was to describe initial data exploration of trajectories of parasympathetic response to feeding in 15 infants with surgically corrected transposition of the great arteries and to explore the effects of feeding method, feeding skill, and maternal sensitivity on trajectories. In this descriptive, exploratory study, parasympathetic function was measured using high-frequency heart rate variability (HF HRV), feeding skill was measured using the Early Feeding Skills assessment, and maternal sensitivity was measured using the Parent-Child Early Relational Assessment. Data were collected before, during, and after feeding at 2 weeks and 2 months of age. Trajectories of parasympathetic function and relationships with possible contributing factors were examined graphically. Marked between-infant variability in HF HRV across phases of feeding was apparent at both ages, although it was attenuated at 2 months. Four patterns of HF HRV trajectories across phases of feeding were identified and associated with feeding method, feeding skill, and maternal sensitivity. Developmental increases in HF HRV were apparent in most breast-fed, but not bottle-fed, infants. This exploratory data analysis provides critical information in preparation for a larger study in which varying trajectories and potential contributing factors can be modeled in relationship to infant outcomes. Findings support inclusion of feeding method, feeding skill, and maternal sensitivity in modeling parasympathetic function across feeding.Nursing research 60(3 Suppl):S15-27. · 1.80 Impact Factor