Heat Loss Prevention (HeLP) in the delivery room: A randomized controlled trial of polyethylene occlusive skin wrapping in very preterm infants.
ABSTRACT To determine if polyethylene occlusive skin wrapping of very preterm infants prevents heat loss after delivery better than conventional drying and to evaluate if any benefit is sustained after wrap removal.
This was a randomized controlled trial of infants <28 weeks' gestation. The experimental group was wrapped from the neck down. Only the head was dried. Control infants were dried completely. Rectal temperatures were compared on admission to the neonatal intensive care unit immediately after wrap removal and 1 hour later.
Of 55 infants randomly assigned (28 wrap, 27 control), 2 died in the delivery room and 53 completed the study. Wrapped infants had a higher mean rectal admission temperature, 36.5 degrees C (SD, 0.8 degrees C), compared with 35.6 degrees C (SD, 1.3 degrees C) in control infants ( P = .002). One hour later, mean rectal temperatures were similar in both groups (36.6 degrees C, SD, 0.7 degrees C vs 36.4 degrees C, SD, 0.9 degrees C, P = .4). Size at birth was an important determinant of heat loss: Mean rectal admission temperature increased by 0.21 degrees C (95% CI, 0.04 to 0.4) with each 100-g increase in birth weight.
Polyethylene occlusive skin wrapping prevents rather than delays heat loss at delivery in very preterm infants.
SourceAvailable from: Henry C Lee[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: There is little evidence to compare the effectiveness of large collaborative quality improvement versus individual local projects. METHODS: This was a prospective pre-post intervention study of neonatal resuscitation practice, comparing 3 groups of nonrandomized hospitals in the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative: (1) collaborative, hospitals working together through face-to-face meetings, webcasts, electronic mailing list, and data sharing; (2) individual, hospitals working independently; and (3) nonparticipant hospitals. The collaborative and individual arms participated in improvement activities, focusing on reducing hypothermia and invasive ventilatory support. RESULTS: There were 20 collaborative, 31 individual, and 44 nonparticipant hospitals caring for 12 528 eligible infants. Each group had reduced hypothermia from baseline to postintervention. The collaborative group had the most significant decrease in hypothermia, from 39% to 21%, compared with individual hospital efforts of 38% to 33%, and nonparticipants of 42% to 34%. After risk adjustment, the collaborative group had twice the magnitude of decrease in rates of newborns with hypothermia compared with the other groups. Collaborative improvement also led to greater decreases in delivery room intubation (53% to 40%) and surfactant administration (37% to 20%). CONCLUSIONS: Collaborative efforts resulted in larger improvements in delivery room outcomes and processes than individual efforts or nonparticipation. These findings have implications for planning quality improvement projects for implementation of evidence-based practices.Pediatrics 10/2014; 134(5). DOI:10.1542/peds.2014-0863 · 5.30 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Worldwide, 510% of all newborns require some kind of intervention at birth. Thus, it is important to teach the Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) to all personnel attending deliveries. This program provides a systematic approach to different situations encountered at birth to facilitate neonatal resuscitation. The NRP has been embraced by public health authorities among different countries. In this paper we summarize the most recent recommendations from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and American Heart Association (AHA) to update the NRP; these are based on different levels of evidence. The knowledge and practice of these recommendations will certainly help to improve neonatal outcomes and to decrease asphyxia and its complications.12/2006; 63(6):418-427.
01/2007; 2(4):1-21. DOI:10.1016/S0246-0335(07)45775-1