[Morbidity after stapled haemorrhoidectomy: long-term results about 140 patients and review of the literature].

Département de chirurgie viscérale, CHU de Angers, 4, rue Larrey, 49033 Angers cedex 01, France.
Annales de Chirurgie (Impact Factor: 0.35). 01/2005; 129(10):571-7.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to determine the results and the complications of the treatment of hemorrhoids with circular stapler with a follow-up of 18 months, and to review the complications in the literature.
From April 1998 to August 1999, 140 patients (83 males and 57 females) with an average age of 43.8 years (range: 19-83 years) underwent haemorrhoidectomy using a circular stapler in three university hospital centers. The degree of hemorrhoids has been classified: three cases of degree II, 97 cases of degree III, and 40 cases of degree IV. All the patients were prospectively evaluated at two weeks, two and 18 months after surgery.
The average length of the operation was 18 minutes (range: 8-60 minutes). Mean hospital stay was 36 hours (range: 8-72 hours). There was no intraoperative complication. There was no mortality. The postoperative complication rate was 7.8% (N = 11): there were five cases of bleeding that two complicated by a submucosal hematoma (one was infected and needed a rectotomy on day 21), two cases of urinary retention, and two cases of external hemorrhoid thrombosis. The bleeding occurred in the 12 hours after surgery except for one patient with antivitamin K whith presented a secondary bleeding on day 16. At 18 months, five patients presented a moderate asymptomatic stricture dilated on digital examination. Two patients complained of persistent skin tags. Neither functional trouble nor incontinence to gas, liquids, or solids was presented. With a mean follow-up of 40 months, 90% (N = 112) of the patients were fully satisfied.
Treatment of hemorrhoids with circular stapler appears to be effective with 96% of patients fully satisfied at 18 months. The morbidity rate was low, and no higher than the diathermy excision hemorrhoidectomy. The results are directly dependent on the practice that required a learning, and not on the technique itself.

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