Pancreaticoduodenectomy with vascular resection: margin status and survival duration.

Department of Surgical Oncology, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA.
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery (Impact Factor: 2.39). 01/2005; 8(8):935-49; discussion 949-50. DOI: 10.1016/j.gassur.2004.09.046
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Major vascular resection performed at the time of pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for adenocarcinoma remains controversial. We analyzed all patients who underwent vascular resection (VR) at the time of PD for any histology at a single institution between 1990 and 2002. Preoperative imaging criteria for PD included the absence of tumor extension to the celiac axis or superior mesenteric artery (SMA). Tangential or segmental resection of the superior mesenteric or portal veins was performed when the tumor could not be separated from the vein. As a separate analysis, all patients who underwent PD with VR for pancreatic adenocarcinoma were compared to all patients who underwent standard PD for pancreatic adenocarcinoma. A total of 141 patients underwent VR with PD. Superior mesenteric-portal vein resections included tangential resection with vein patch (n=36), segmental resection with primary anastomosis (n=35), and segmental resection with autologous interposition graft (n=55). Hepatic arterial resections were performed in 10 patients, and resections of the anterior surface of the inferior vena cava were performed in 5 patients. PD was performed for pancreatic adenocarcinoma in 291 patients; standard PD was performed in 181 and VR in 110. Median survival was 23.4 months in the group that required VR and 26.5 months in the group that underwent standard PD (P=0.177). A Cox proportional hazards model was constructed to analyze the effects of potential prognostic factors (VR, tumor size, T stage, N status, margin status) on survival. The need for VR had no impact on survival duration. In conclusion, properly selected patients with adenocarcinoma of the pancreatic head who require VR have a median survival of approximately 2 years, which does not differ from those who undergo standard PD and is superior to historical patients believed to have locally advanced disease treated nonoperatively.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in the United States. While surgical resection remains the only curative option, more than 80% of patients present with unresectable disease. Unfortunately, even among those who undergo resection, the reported median survival is 15-23 mo, with a 5-year survival of approximately 20%. Disappointingly, over the past several decades, despite improvements in diagnostic imaging, surgical technique and chemotherapeutic options, only modest improvements in survival have been realized. Nevertheless, it remains clear that surgical resection is a prerequisite for achieving long-term survival and cure. There is now emerging consensus that a subgroup of patients, previously considered poor candidates for resection because of the relationship of their primary tumor to surrounding vasculature, may benefit from resection, particularly when preceded by neoadjuvant therapy. This stage of disease, termed borderline resectable pancreatic cancer, has become of increasing interest and is now the focus of a multi-institutional clinical trial. Here we outline the history, progress, current treatment recommendations, and future directions for research in borderline resectable pancreatic cancer.
    World journal of gastroenterology : WJG. 08/2014; 20(31):10740-10751.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the predictors for resectability and survival of patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) treated with gemcitabine-based neoadjuvant therapy (GBNAT).
    BMC Surgery 09/2014; 14(1):72. · 1.24 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This literature review aimed to critically analyze oncological results of vascular resection during pancreatectomy for adenocarcinoma in the light of the concept evolution of locally advanced tumors and microscopic complete resection. The literature search was conducted in PubMed and Medline for the period June 1994 to December 2012, retaining English as the language of publication. The review of 12 publications indicated that mortality and morbidity rates were not significantly different for pancreatectomy with or without venous resection (VR). Six comparative studies showed worse long-term survival in the VR group, though one meta-analysis, albeit with a significant population heterogeneity, demonstrated that the overall survival between VR and the control group was similar (12% vs. 17%). The compilation of 13 comparative studies showed a significantly lower rate of complete microscopic resection in the VR patient group compared to controls (63% vs. 77%; P = 0.001). Concerning pancreatectomy combined to arterial resection, the literature review indicated a significantly greater mortality and morbidity rate and a lower survival rate compared to pancreatic resection alone. Conflicting results concerning the long-term outcome of VR was due to the heterogeneity of the patient population. Since the only chance to cure patients of pancreatic adenocarcinoma is to obtain free resection margins, VR is a valid therapeutic option. But combined arterial resection to pancreatic resection does not appear to be recommended.
    Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences 05/2014; 21(9).

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 22, 2014