In regard to Selek et al. erectile dysfunction and radiation dose to penile base structures: A lack of correlation. IJROBP 2004;59:1039–1046
Fox Chase Cancer Center, Filadelfia, Pennsylvania, United StatesInternational Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics (Impact Factor: 4.26). 01/2005; 60(5):1664-5; author reply 1666. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2004.09.011
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ABSTRACT: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common sequela after external beam radiotherapy and brachytherapy for prostate cancer. There are several structures in the vicinity of the prostate that are critical to erectile function and that receive a substantial radiation dose: neurovascular bundles (NVBs), internal pudendal arteries (IPAs), accessory pudendal arteries, corpora cavernosa and the penile bulb. Most reports analyzing the correlation between radiation dose to these structures and radiation-induced ED are limited by the small number of patients analyzed in each study. So far, there is no evidence for a role of the NVBs in radiation-induced ED. There are no reports on the IPAs, based on reduced arterial flow in the penis. Several studies show contradicting results on the corpora cavernosa, which house the erectile tissue required for erection. There are contradicting reports on the penile bulb, although studies with more patients tend not to find any correlation. Sparing of the penile bulb to improve potency-preservation is not sufficiently supported by the current literature. If sparing of the penile bulb is achieved by reducing the margin for the apex, an oncological risk is taken, while it is uncertain whether this will improve potency-preservation.Radiotherapy and Oncology 09/2007; 84(2):107-13. DOI:10.1016/j.radonc.2007.07.018 · 4.36 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To analyze the correlation between dose-volume parameters of the corpora cavernosa and erectile dysfunction (ED) after external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) for prostate cancer. Between June 1997 and February 2003, a randomized dose-escalation trial comparing 68 Gy and 78 Gy was conducted. Patients at our institute were asked to participate in an additional part of the trial evaluating sexual function. After exclusion of patients with less than 2 years of follow-up, ED at baseline, or treatment with hormonal therapy, 96 patients were eligible. The proximal corpora cavernosa (crura), the superiormost 1-cm segment of the crura, and the penile bulb were contoured on the planning computed tomography scan and dose-volume parameters were calculated. Two years after EBRT, 35 of the 96 patients had developed ED. No statistically significant correlations between ED 2 years after EBRT and dose-volume parameters of the crura, the superiormost 1-cm segment of the crura, or the penile bulb were found. The few patients using potency aids typically indicated to have ED. No correlation was found between ED after EBRT for prostate cancer and radiation dose to the crura or penile bulb. The present study is the largest study evaluating the correlation between ED and radiation dose to the corpora cavernosa after EBRT for prostate cancer. Until there is clear evidence that sparing the penile bulb or crura will reduce ED after EBRT, we advise to be careful in sparing these structures, especially when this involves reducing treatment margins.International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics 08/2008; 71(3):795-800. DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2007.10.052 · 4.26 Impact Factor
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