A need for laparoscopic evaluation of patients with endometrial carcinoma selected for conservative treatment.
ABSTRACT The aim of this paper was to report two cases of extrauterine disease in patients with early stage endometrial cancer (EC) who desired fertility-sparing management.
Two patients presenting an apparent early stage EC and desiring conservative management. The two patients, aged 35 and 36 years old, had a grade 1 and grade 2 EC diagnosed after curettage or hysteroscopic resection of a polyp. Ultrasound (US) imaging was normal (ovary). Once informed about the risk of recurrence, both patients opted for conventional therapy (hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy). A small ovarian carcinoma was found in one patient and isolated positive peritoneal cytology in the other.
These cases seem to suggest that laparoscopic evaluation including adnexal exploration and peritoneal cytology (and possibly pelvic lymphadenectomy) should be performed in patients with early stage EC selected for conservative management to confirm the absence of extrauterine disease.