Gran, C. D., Kropp, B. P., Cheng, E. Y. & Kropp, K. A. Primary lower urinary tract reconstruction for nonfunctioning renal moieties associated with obstructing ureteroceles. J. Urol. 173, 198-201

Department of Urology, University of Oklahoma Health Science Center, 920 Stanton L. Young Boulevard, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73104, USA.
The Journal of Urology (Impact Factor: 4.47). 02/2005; 173(1):198-201. DOI: 10.1097/01.ju.0000148374.64478.b5
Source: PubMed


Upper pole heminephrectomy is the conventional treatment for severely compromised nonfunctioning renal units associated with ureteroceles due to the potential morbidity of leaving a nonfunctioning renal moiety in place. This approach often fails to address the pathological anatomical defect present at the bladder level, and during long-term followup the majority of patients require subsequent lower tract surgery due to persistent ureterocele, new or persistent vesicoureteral reflux, or recurrent infections. We determined the success of primary lower urinary tract reconstruction for nonfunctioning renal moieties and the morbidity associated with leaving nonfunctioning renal units in situ.
We present the collective experience of 2 institutions using definitive lower urinary tract reconstruction without upper tract ablative surgery in 16 patients with duplex collecting systems and an associated nonfunctioning renal moiety due to obstructing ureteroceles.
At a mean followup of 62 months upper tract dilatation was decreased or completely resolved in all patients, no loss of renal function was present and 15 of 16 patients (94%) had no evidence of persistent reflux. Postoperative complications in the form of a urinary tract infection occurred in 2 of 16 patients (13%). No patient was febrile. No patient had development of hypertension, proteinuria or tumor during followup.
We believe that primary, single stage, lower urinary tract reconstruction in children with severely compromised or nonfunctioning renal moieties damaged by ureteroceles is superior to upper urinary tract ablative surgery, successfully correcting the obstructive or refluxing pathology with minimal morbidity and risk during long-term followup.

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    • "Even in patients where function was not identified on DMSA scan (15%), upper pole sparing UU was performed due to the simplicity of the procedure and the belief that there is less risk to the lower pole healthy moiety in trained hands. Prior studies have also shown a high need for reoperation in 50e84% of cases after upper pole heminephrectomy for duplex anomalies [13], which was not seen in the present study's UU experience. In fact, only one complication requiring major re-operation was encoutered after an anastomotic obstruction was identified in a poorly functioning upper pole segment. "
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    ABSTRACT: Methods An institutional review board (IRB)-approved retrospective analysis of all patients undergoing UU between 2006 and present was performed. All patients underwent an end-to-side anastomosis with a double-J stent left in the lower pole ureter. Laparoscopic repairs were done 'high' and open repairs were done 'low'. If the upper pole ureter remained massively dilated after transection, the ureter was partially closed to reduce the length of the anastomosis. Data collected included demographics, diagnosis, surgical interventions, imaging studies and outcomes.
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    ABSTRACT: The diagnosis, evaluation and management of antenatal hydronephrosis has undergone a two stage paradigm shift since the advent of prenatal ultrasonography in the early 1980s. Initially the identification of a large number of asymptomatic infants appeared to afford the surgeon the opportunity for preemptive intervention. However, it has now become apparent that antenatal hydronephrosis (AH) is far more difficult to interpret than originally perceived. The initial enthusiasm for surgery has now been replaced by a much more conservative approach to ureteropelvic junction(UPJ) obstruction, multi-cystic dysplastic kidney(MCDK), vesicoureteral reflux and the non-refluxing megaureter. This review will highlight the postnatal evaluation of AH and include an overview of the Society for Fetal Urology grading system for hydronephrosis. The differential diagnosis and treatment options for UPJ obstruction, vesicoureteral reflux, MCDK, duplication anomalies, megaureter, and posterior urethral valves will be discussed.
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