Trichuris suis therapy in Crohn's disease
ABSTRACT Crohn's disease is common in highly industrialised Western countries where helminths are rare and uncommon in less developed areas of the world where most people carry worms. Helminths diminish immune responsiveness in naturally colonised humans and reduce inflammation in experimental colitis. Thus exposure to helminths may help prevent or even ameliorate Crohn's disease.
The aim of the study was to determine the safety and possible efficacy of the intestinal helminth Trichuris suis in the treatment of patients with active Crohn's disease.
Twenty nine patients with active Crohn's disease, defined by a Crohn's disease activity index (CDAI) > or =220 were enrolled in this open label study.
All patients ingested 2500 live T suis ova every three weeks for 24 weeks, and disease activity was monitored by CDAI. Remission was defined as a decrease in CDAI to less than 150 while a response was defined as a decrease in CDAI of greater than 100.
At week 24, 23 patients (79.3%) responded (decrease in CDAI >100 points or CDAI <150) and 21/29 (72.4%) remitted (CDAI <150). Mean CDAI of responders decreased 177.1 points below baseline. Analysis at week 12 yielded similar results. There were no adverse events.
This new therapy may offer a unique, safe, and efficacious alternative for Crohn's disease management. These findings also support the premise that natural exposure to helminths such as T suis affords protection from immunological diseases like Crohn's disease.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Robert W. Summers, Jan 23, 2014
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Background The Hygiene Hypothesis (HH) attributes the dramatic increase in autoimmune and allergic diseases observed in recent decades in Western countries to the reduced exposure to diverse immunoregulatory infectious agents. This theory has since largely been supported by strong epidemiological and experimental evidence. Discussion The analysis of these data along with the evolution of the Western world’s microbiome enable us to obtain greater insight into microorganisms involved in the HH, as well as their regulatory mechanisms on the immune system. Helminthes and their derivatives were shown to have a protective role. Helminthes’ broad immunomodulatory properties have already begun to be exploited in clinical trials of autoimmune diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and type-1 diabetes. Summary In this review, we will dissect the microbial actors thought to be involved in the HH as well as their immunomodulatory mechanisms as emphasized by experimental studies, with a particular attention on parasites. Thereafter, we will review the early clinical trials using helminthes’ derivatives focusing on autoimmune diseases.BMC Medicine 04/2015; 13(1). DOI:10.1186/s12916-015-0306-7 · 7.28 Impact Factor
BMC Immunology 12/2015; 16(1). DOI:10.1186/s12865-015-0074-3 · 2.25 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In areas where helminths infections are common, autoimmune diseases are rare. Treatment with helminths and ova from helminths, improved clinical findings of inflammatory bowel disease, multiple-sclerosis and rheumatoid-arthritis. The immunomodulatory functions of some helminths were attributed to the phosphorylcholine (PC) moiety. We aimed to decipher the tolerogenic potential of Tuftsin-PC (TPC) compound in mice genetically prone to develop lupus. Lupus prone NZBXW/F1 mice received subcutaneously TPC (5 μg/1 ml), 3 times a week starting at 14 weeks age. Autoantibodies were tested by ELISA, T-regulatory-cells by FACS, cytokines profile by RT-PCR and cytokines protein levels by DuoSet ELISA. Glomerulonephritis was addressed by detection of proteinuria, and immunoglobulin complex deposition in the mesangium of the kidneys of the mice by immunofluorescence. Our results show that TPC attenuated the development of glomerulonephritis in lupus prone mice, in particular, it ameliorated proteinuria (p < 0.02), and reduced immunoglobulin deposition in the kidney mesangium. TPC also enhanced the expression of TGFβ and IL-10 (p < 0.001), and inhibited the production of IFNγ and IL-17 (p < 0.03). TPC Significantly enhanced the expansion of CD4+CD25+FOXP3+ T-regulatory cells (Tregs) phenotype in the treated mice. These data indicate that TPC hampered lupus development in genetically lupus prone mice which was exemplified by moderate glomerulonephritis, attenuation of pro-inflammatory cytokines and enhancement of anti-inflammatory cytokines expression, as well as Tregs expansion. Our results propose harnessing novel natural therapy for lupus patients. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.Journal of Autoimmunity 04/2015; 59. DOI:10.1016/j.jaut.2015.03.001 · 7.02 Impact Factor