Optimisation of insect cell growth in deep-well blocks: development of a high-throughput insect cell expression screen.
ABSTRACT This report describes a method to culture insects cells in 24 deep-well blocks for the routine small-scale optimisation of baculovirus-mediated protein expression experiments. Miniaturisation of this process provides the necessary reduction in terms of resource allocation, reagents, and labour to allow extensive and rapid optimisation of expression conditions, with the concomitant reduction in lead-time before commencement of large-scale bioreactor experiments. This therefore greatly simplifies the optimisation process and allows the use of liquid handling robotics in much of the initial optimisation stages of the process, thereby greatly increasing the throughput of the laboratory. We present several examples of the use of deep-well block expression studies in the optimisation of therapeutically relevant protein targets. We also discuss how the enhanced throughput offered by this approach can be adapted to robotic handling systems and the implications this has on the capacity to conduct multi-parallel protein expression studies.
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ABSTRACT: The Class I phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3Ks) are lipid kinases that phosphorylate the 3-hydroxyl group of the inositol ring of phosphatidylinositides. Although closely related, experimental evidence suggests that the four Class I PI3Ks may be functionally distinct. To further study their unique biochemical properties, the three human Class Ia PI3K (alpha, beta, and delta) p110 catalytic domains were cloned and co-expressed with the p85alpha regulatory domain in Sf9 cells. None of the p110 subunits were successfully expressed in the absence of p85alpha. Successful expression and purification of each p85alpha/p110 protein required using an excess of the p110 vector over the p85 vector during co-infection of Sf9 cells. Proteins were purified as the p85alpha/p110 complex by nickel affinity chromatography through an N-terminal His-tag on the p110 subunit using an imidazole gradient. The purification yields were high using the optimized ratio of p85/p110 vector and small culture volumes, with 24mg/L cell culture media for p85alpha/p110alpha, 17.5mg/L for p85alpha/p110delta, and 3.5mg/L for p85alpha/p110beta. The identity of each purified isoform was confirmed by mass spectral analysis and immunoblotting. The activities of the three p85alpha/p110 proteins and the Class Ib p110gamma catalytic domain were investigated using phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) as the substrate in a PIP2/phosphatidylserine (PS) liposome. All four enzymes exhibited reaction velocities that were dependent on the surface concentration of PIP2. The surface concentrations that gave maximal activity for each human isoform with 0.5mM PIP2 were 2.5mol% PIP2 for p110gamma, 7.5mol% for p85alpha/p110beta, and 10mol% PIP2 for p85alpha/p110alpha and p85alpha/p110delta. The specific activity of p85alpha/p110alpha was three to five times higher than that of the other human isoforms. These kinetic differences may contribute to the unique roles of these isoforms in cells.Protein Expression and Purification 07/2004; 35(2):218-24. · 1.43 Impact Factor
- Methods in Enzymology - METH ENZYMOLOGY. 01/1999; 306:19-42.
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ABSTRACT: Phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3Ks) are central to the control of cell growth, proliferation and survival, and drive the progression of tumours by activating phosphoinositide-dependent kinase, protein kinase B and the target of rapamycin. Other downstream effectors link PI3K to cell motility and the control of cardiovascular parameters. Current knowledge indicates that PI3Ks might qualify as drug targets for the treatment of cancer, chronic inflammation, allergy and cardiovascular failure. However, PI3Ks also modulate vital processes such as metabolic control and nutrient uptake. Here, mechanistic data and mouse phenotypic analyses are summarised, and the possible success of therapeutic inhibition of distinct PI3K isoforms is discussed.Trends in Pharmacological Sciences 08/2003; 24(7):366-76. · 9.25 Impact Factor