Ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 1 in Southern Italy: late onset and variable phenotype.
ABSTRACT Ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 1 (AOA1) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by early-onset cerebellar ataxia, oculomotor apraxia, and peripheral neuropathy. The causative gene (APTX) has been recently identified in Portuguese and Japanese kindreds. Three patients with AOA1 were identified in an APTX mutation screening on 28 Southern Italian patients with progressive ataxia and peripheral neuropathy. A novel homozygous missense mutation (H201Q) was found in one patient and a Japanese missense mutation (P206L) in two. AOA1 clinical heterogeneity and onset later than previously described are shown.
Article: A novel mutation of aprataxin associated with ataxia ocular apraxia type 1: phenotypical and genotypical characterization.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Ataxia oculomotor apraxia type 1 (AOA1) is the most common form of autosomal recessive ataxia in Japan, and the second in Portugal after Friedreich ataxia. AOA1 is typically characterized by early-onset cerebellar ataxia, oculomotor apraxia, hypoalbuminemia, hypercholesterolemia and late axonal sensori-motor neuropathy. AOA1 is associated with the aprataxin gene (APTX) encoding a protein involved in DNA repair. We characterized a novel homozygous missense mutation of APTX in a 34 year-old female patient born from consanguineous parents. The mutation, a Val230Gly caused by a c.689 T>G substitution, involved the histidine-triad (HIT) domain of the protein, affected a phylogenetically conserved amino acid and was absent in the control population. We described the clinical and neurophysiological features, the findings at structural and functional brain imaging, and the pathological picture of the sural nerve biopsy. The report emphasized the genetical and phenotypical heterogeneity of AOA1 by demonstrating atypical features such as absence of oculomotor apraxia and signs of pyramidal involvement. Expression studies by Western blotting on fibroblasts demonstrated that the homozygous Val230Gly mutation was associated with decreased levels of APTX indicating a loss-of-function mechanism.Journal of the Neurological Sciences 10/2007; 260(1-2):219-24. · 2.35 Impact Factor