Identification of an Extremely Thermostable Enzyme with Dual Sugar-1-phosphate Nucleotidylyltransferase Activities from an Acidothermophilic Archaeon, Sulfolobus tokodaii strain 7
ABSTRACT L-rhamnose is an essential component of the cell wall and plays roles in mediating virulence and adhesion to host tissues in many microorganisms. Glucose-1-phosphate thymidylyltransferase (RmlA, EC 126.96.36.199) catalyzes the first reaction of the four-step pathway of L-rhamnose biosynthesis, producing dTDP-D-glucose from dTTP and glucose-1-phosphate. Three RmlA homologues of varying size have been identified in the genome of a thermophilic archaeon, Sulfolobus tokodaii strain 7. In this study, we report the heterologous expression of the largest homologue (a 401 residue-long ST0452 protein) and characterization of its thermostable activity. RmlA enzymatic activity of this protein was detected from 65 to 100 degrees C, with a half-life of 60 min at 95 degrees C and 180 min at 80 degrees C. Analysis of a deletion mutant lacking the 170-residue C-terminal domain indicated that this region has an important role in the thermostability and activity of the protein. Analyses of substrate specificity indicated that the enzymatic activity of the full-length protein is capable of utilizing alpha-D-glucose-1-phosphate and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine-1-phosphate but not alpha-D-glucosamine-1-phosphate. However, the protein is capable of utilizing all four deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates and UTP. Thus, the ST0452 protein is an enzyme containing both glucose-1-phosphate thymidylyltransferase and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase activities. This is the first report of a thermostable enzyme with dual sugar-1-phosphate nucleotidylyltransferase activities.
- SourceAvailable from: Motohiro Shizuma
Advances in Applied Biotechnology, 01/2012; , ISBN: 978-953-307-820-5
- "The predicted activity (Table 1) was assayed at 80°C with dTDP-D-glucose and UDP-D-glucose (Fig. 2). UDP-D-glucose was also used as a substrate candidate because UDP-D-glucose as well as dTDP-D-glucose can be produced by the product from the another rmlA homolog (Zhang et al., 2005). As shown in Fig. 2, dTDP-D-glucose was used as a substrate by RmlB, whereas UDP-D-glucose was not. "
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ABSTRACT: We reported previously that chicken HIRA, a homolog of Saccharomyces cerevisiae transcriptional co-repressors Hir1p and Hir2p, possesses seven WD dipeptide motifs and an LXXLL motif in its N-terminal and C-terminal halves, respectively, required for transcription regulations. Here, by using the gene targeting technique, we generated the homozygous HIRA-deficient DT40 mutant DeltaHIRA. The HIRA deficiency caused slightly delayed cell growth and affected the opposite transcriptions of cell cycle-related genes, i.e. repressions for P18, CDC25B, and BCL-2, activations for P19 and cyclin A, and histones H2A, H2B, H3, and H4. These altered expressions were completely revived by the artificial stable expression of hemagglutinin-tagged HIRA in DeltaHIRA. The ability to rescue the delayed growth rate was preferentially aided by the N-terminal half instead of the C-terminal half. We cloned the chicken P18 genomic DNA, and we established that its promoter was located surrounding the sequence GCGGGCGC at positions -1157 to -1150. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assay revealed that the N-terminal half interacted directly or indirectly with the putative promoter region of the p18 gene, resulting in up-regulation of the gene. These results indicated that the N-terminal half of HIRA should contribute positively to the growth rate via up-regulation of a set of cell cycle-related genes, whereas the C-terminal half down-regulated another set of them without exhibiting any effect on the cell growth.Journal of Biological Chemistry 10/2005; 280(37):32090-100. DOI:10.1074/jbc.M501426200 · 4.57 Impact Factor
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