Moderate hypothermia in neonatal encephalopathy: efficacy outcomes.

Department of Pediatrics, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29425, USA.
Pediatric Neurology (Impact Factor: 1.5). 02/2005; 32(1):11-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2004.06.014
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Therapeutic hypothermia holds promise as a rescue neuroprotective strategy for hypoxic-ischemic injury, but the incidence of severe neurologic sequelae with hypothermia is unknown in encephalopathic neonates who present shortly after birth. This study reports a multicenter, randomized, controlled, pilot trial of moderate systemic hypothermia (33 degrees C) vs normothermia (37 degrees C) for 48 hours in neonates initiated within 6 hours of birth or hypoxic-ischemic event. The trial tested the ability to initiate systemic hypothermia in outlying hospitals and participating tertiary care centers, and determined the incidence of adverse neurologic outcomes of death and developmental scores at 12 months by Bayley II or Vineland tests between normothermic and hypothermic groups. Thirty-two hypothermic and 33 normothermic neonates were enrolled. The entry criteria selected a severely affected group of neonates, with 77% Sarnat stage III. Ten hypothermia (10/32, 31%) and 14 normothermia (14/33, 42%) patients expired. Controlling for treatment group, outborn infants were significantly more likely to die than hypoxic-ischemic infants born in participating tertiary care centers (odds ratio 10.7, 95% confidence interval 1.3-90). Severely abnormal motor scores (Psychomotor Development Index < 70) were recorded in 64% of normothermia patients and in 24% of hypothermia patients. The combined outcome of death or severe motor scores yielded fewer bad outcomes in the hypothermia group (52%) than the normothermia group (84%) (P = 0.019). Although these results need to be validated in a large clinical trial, this pilot trial provides important data for clinical trial design of hypothermia treatment in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic injury.

1 Bookmark
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell transplantation is an effective treatment for neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain damage. However, the in vivo transplantation effects are poor and their survival, colonization and differentiation efficiencies are relatively low. Red or near-infrared light from 600-1,000 nm promotes cellular migration and prevents apoptosis. Thus, we hypothesized that the combination of red light with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell transplantation would be effective for the treatment of hypoxic-ischemic brain damage. In this study, the migration and colonization of cultured bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells on primary neurons after oxygen-glucose deprivation were detected using Transwell assay. The results showed that, after a 40-hour irradiation under red light-emitting diodes at 660 nm and 60 mW/cm(2), an increasing number of green fluorescence-labeled bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells migrated towards hypoxic-ischemic damaged primary neurons. Meanwhile, neonatal rats with hypoxic-ischemic brain damage were given an intraperitoneal injection of 1 × 10(6) bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, followed by irradiation under red light-emitting diodes at 660 nm and 60 mW/cm(2) for 7 successive days. Shuttle box test results showed that, after phototherapy and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell transplantation, the active avoidance response rate of hypoxic-ischemic brain damage rats was significantly increased, which was higher than that after bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell transplantation alone. Experimental findings indicate that 660 nm red light emitting diode irradiation promotes the migration of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, thereby enhancing the contribution of cell transplantation in the treatment of hypoxic-ischemic brain damage.
    Neural Regeneration Research 02/2014; 9(3):236-42. · 0.23 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Our objective was to estimate the effect of therapeutic hypothermia on platelet count in neonates after perinatal asphyxia. We performed a retrospective case control study of all (near-) term neonates with perinatal asphyxia admitted between 2004 and 2012 to our neonatal intensive care unit. All neonates treated with therapeutic hypothermia were included in this study (hypothermia group) and compared with a historic control group of neonates with perinatal asphyxia treated before introduction of therapeutic hypothermia (2008). Primary outcome was thrombocytopenia during the first week after birth. Thrombocytopenia was found significantly more often in the hypothermia group than in the control group, 80% (43/54) versus 59% (27/46) (P = .02). The lowest mean platelet count in the hypothermia group and control group was 97 × 10(9)/L and 125 × 10(9)/L (P = .06), respectively, and was reached at a mean age of 4.1 days in the hypothermia group and 2.9 days in the control group (P < .001). The incidence of moderate/severe cerebral hemorrhage was 6% (3/47) in the hypothermia group versus 9% (3/35) in the control group (P = .64). In conclusion, neonates with perinatal asphyxia treated with therapeutic hypothermia are at increased risk of thrombocytopenia, without increased risk of cerebral hemorrhage.
    International Journal of Pediatrics 01/2014; 2014:760654.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective To systematically review meta-analyses (MAs) and randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of interventions for infants at risk of cerebral palsy (CP) to determine if consensus exists in study end-points. Methods MAs within the "Neonatal" and "Pregnancy and Childbirth" Review Groups in Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (to June 2011) were included if they contained risk factors for CP as a study end-point, and were either published in 2010 or 2011 or cited >20 times in Sciverse Scopus. Up to 20 RCTs from each MA were included. Outcome measures, definitions, and cut points for ordinal groupings were extracted from MAs and RCTs and frequencies calculated. Results Twenty-two MAs and 165 RCTs were appraised. High consistency existed in types of outcome domains listed as important in MAs. For 10/16 most frequently cited outcome domains, <50% of RCTs contributed data for meta-analyses. Low consistency in outcome definitions, measures, cut points in RCTs and long term follow-up prohibited data aggregation. Conclusions Variation in outcome measurement and long term follow up has hampered the ability of RCTs to contribute data on important outcomes for CP, resulting in lost opportunities to measure the impact of maternal and neonatal interventions. There is an urgent need for and long term follow up of these interventions and an agreed set of standardised and clinically relevant common data elements for study end-points.
    Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine 10/2014; · 1.21 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Jun 5, 2014