Liver abscess in inflammatory bowel disease: Report of two cases and review of the literature

Department of Internal Medicine A, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel.
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Impact Factor: 3.63). 01/2005; 19(12):1338-42. DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1746.2004.03368.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Hepatic abscesses are a rare complication of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Despite the fact that certain hepatobiliary complications of IBD, including cholelithiasis, primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and cholangiocarcinoma predispose patients with IBD to ascending cholangitis, previously published data does not demonstrate that biliary infection is an important mechanism underlying liver abscess development in these patients. We describe two patients with inflammatory bowel disease, both with PSC, who developed multiple liver abscesses, and review the literature on liver abscesses in association with inflammatory bowel disease.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Microbial contamination of the liver parenchyma leading to hepatic abscess (HA) can occur via the bile ducts or vessels (arterial or portal) or directly, by contiguity. Infection is usually bacterial, sometimes parasitic, or very rarely fungal. In the Western world, bacterial (pyogenic) HA is most prevalent; the mortality is high approaching 15%, due mostly to patient debilitation and persistence of the underlying cause. In South-East Asia and Africa, amebic infection is the most frequent cause. The etiologies of HA are multiple including lithiasic biliary disease (cholecystitis, cholangitis), intra-abdominal collections (appendicitis, sigmoid diverticulitis, Crohn's disease), and bile duct ischemia secondary to pancreatoduodenectomy, liver transplantation, interventional techniques (radio-frequency ablation, intra-arterial chemo-embolization), and/or liver trauma. More rarely, HA occurs in the wake of septicemia either on healthy or preexisting liver diseases (biliary cysts, hydatid cyst, cystic or necrotic metastases). The incidence of HA secondary to Klebsiella pneumoniae is increasing and can give rise to other distant septic metastases. The diagnosis of HA depends mainly on imaging (sonography and/or CT scan), with confirmation by needle aspiration for bacteriology studies. The therapeutic strategy consists of bactericidal antibiotics, adapted to the germs, sometimes in combination with percutaneous or surgical drainage, and control of the primary source. The presence of bile in the aspirate or drainage fluid attests to communication with the biliary tree and calls for biliary MRI looking for obstruction. When faced with HA, the attending physician should seek advice from a multi-specialty team including an interventional radiologist, a hepatobiliary surgeon and an infectious disease specialist. This should help to determine the origin and mechanisms responsible for the abscess, and to then propose the best appropriate treatment. The presence of chronic enteric biliary contamination (i.e., sphincterotomy, bilio-enterostomy) should be determined before performing radio-frequency ablation and/or chemo-embolization; substantial stenosis of the celiac trunk should be detected before performing pancreatoduodenectomy to help avoid iatrogenic HA. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Visceral Surgery 03/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jviscsurg.2015.01.013 · 1.32 Impact Factor
  • 03/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jchirv.2014.09.011
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) can be really considered to be systemic diseases since they are often associated with extraintestinal manifestations, complications, and other autoimmune disorders. Indeed, physicians who care for patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, the two major forms of IBD, face a new clinical challenge every day, worsened by the very frequent rate of extraintestinal complications. The goal of this review is to provide an overview and an update on the extraintestinal complications occurring in IBD. Indeed, this paper highlights how virtually almost every organ system can be involved, principally eyes, skin, joints, kidneys, liver and biliary tracts, and vasculature (or vascular system) are the most common sites of systemic IBD and their involvement is dependent on different mechanisms.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 01/2006; 11(46):7227-36. · 2.43 Impact Factor