Some interesting things about polysiloxanes.
ABSTRACT Poly(dimethylsiloxane) [-Si(CH3)(2)O-] is by far the most studied of the polysiloxanes and is known to exhibit some intriguing physical properties, in particular very high permeability to gases. Simulations are underway in an attempt to understand some of these peculiarities. In addition, other symmetrically substituted polysiloxanes exhibit mesophases that are not understood at all. In the case of cross-linked polysiloxanes, there have been many important developments, including (i) elastomers undergoing strain-induced crystallization through control of chain stiffness or stereochemical structure, (ii) model elastomers (including dangling-chain networks), (iii) possible thermoplastic elastomers, (iv) bimodal network chain-length distributions, and (v) cross linking in solution. Interesting elastomeric composites include those with (i) in-situ-generated ceramiclike particles, (ii) ellipsoidal fillers, (iii) claylike-layered fillers, (iv) polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) particles, (v) porous fillers, (vi) controlled particle-elastomer interfaces, and (vii) elastomeric domains generated within ceramic phases. Also of interest are some new techniques that have been used to characterize polysiloxane networks.
- SourceAvailable from: Dongzhi ChenPolymer Degradation and Stability 01/2015; 111:124e130. · 2.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Although polysiloxane elastomers have many merits, their fast crystallization at low temperature is problematic in some fields. In this study, a novel non-crystallizable, low-Tg epoxidized polysiloxane (ESR) with functional epoxy groups in side chains was designed and synthesized though two steps: (i) the preparation of poly(methylvinylsiloxane) (SR) by anionic ring-opening copolymerization of 2,4,6,8-tetramethyl-2,4,6,8-tetravinyl cyclotetrasiloxane and octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane, and (ii) the subsequent epoxidation of the SR. Reaction kinetic studies demonstrated that the epoxidation of SR was a second-order reaction and more than 90% of the double bonds were converted into epoxy groups during the epoxidation. Despite a slight increase in the Tg of ESRs as the content of epoxy groups increased, the low-temperature performances of ESRs were greatly improved because of the inhibition of the crystallization of polysiloxane chains. Surprisingly, the ESRs also showed higher thermal degradation temperatures than the traditional poly(dimethylsiloxane) did. The excellent low-temperature performance and high degradation temperatures endowed the ESR with great potential as an elastic material in the aerospace industry where materials have to undergo very high and low temperature.RSC Advances 01/2014; 4(59):31249. · 3.71 Impact Factor
- Polymer 08/2013; 54(18):4849-4857. · 3.77 Impact Factor