Prognostic factors for survival of patients after curative surgery for renal cell carcinoma: multivariate analysis of 482 cases.

Department of Urology, Ogaki Municipal Hospital, 4-86 Minaminokawa, Ogaki, Gifu, 503-8502, Japan.
International Journal of Clinical Oncology (Impact Factor: 2.17). 01/2005; 9(6):510-4. DOI: 10.1007/s10147-004-0441-1
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Even with curative surgery, renal cell carcinoma occasionally recurs in other organs, with fatal results. In this study, we identified independent prognostic factors for survival in patients with renal cell carcinoma after curative surgery.
The records of 482 patients (mean age, 61.0 years; range, 17-90 years) who underwent curative surgery for renal cell carcinoma at Gifu University Hospital and its affiliated hospitals between 1991 and 2000 were reviewed. The average follow-up period was 42 months (range, 10-140 months). Clinical characteristics of the 482 patients were divided into three categories: patient factors (sex, age, performance status, and mode of tumor discovery), tumor factors (T classification, N classification, mode of infiltration, histological grade, and venous invasion), and treatment factor (whether or not adjuvant therapy with interferon-alpha was used). Stepwise multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression modeling was performed to identify independent determinants of survival.
Of the patient factors, performance status and mode of tumor discovery were independent factors predicting survival. Of the tumor factors, venous invasion and mode of infiltration were independent factors predicting survival. Use or non-use of adjuvant therapy was not significantly associated with survival. Overall, performance status, venous invasion, mode of infiltration, and histological grade were shown to be independent prognostic factors, in descending order of importance.
Performance status, venous invasion, mode of infiltration, and histological grade, in descending order, were the most important factors predicting survival after curative surgery for renal cell carcinoma.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To retrospectively evaluate whether T2*-weighted imaging can be used to grade clear cell renal cell carcinomas (ccRCC) based on intratumoral susceptibility signals (ISSs). MR imaging from 37 patients with pathologically-proven ccRCCs was evaluated. ISSs on T2*WI were classified as linear or conglomerated linear structures (type I) and dot-like or patchy foci (type II). Two radiologists assessed the likelihood of the presence of ISS, dominant structure of ISS and ratio of ISS area to tumor area. Results were analyzed by nonparametric Mann-Whitney test. ISSs were seen in all patients except for four patients with low-grade ccRCCs and two patients with high-grade ccRCCs. There was no significant difference of the likelihood of the presence of ISS between low- and high-grade ccRCCs. More type I ISSs and less type II ISSs were predictive of low-grade tumors, whereas more conspicuity type II ISSs correlated with higher occurrence of high-grade tumors (P<0.05). The ratio of ISS area to tumor area was also significantly higher for the high-grade group (1.27±0.79) than that for the low-grade group (0.81±0.40) (P<0.05). ISSs on T2*-weighted gradient-echo MR images can help grade ccRCCs before operations.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(11):e79597. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective To evaluate the prognostic value of venous tumor thrombus in renal cell carcinoma.Material and methodsA retrospective study of 167 patients with renal cell carcinoma and stage pT3 who underwent radical nephrectomy and extended lymphadenectomy from July 1969 to May 2008 was conducted. Patients with any kind of venous involvement were selected for the analysis (73 patients; 43.7%). The Kaplan Meier survival curves and log-rank test for comparisons were used for the survival analysis. Multivariate analysis was done by Cox regression.ResultsLymph node involvement was present in 30 patients (41.1%) and metastatic disease in 9 patients (12.3%). The most frequent histologic renal cell carcinoma subtype was 50 (68.5%) conventional carcinoma, followed by nondifferentiated in 11 (15.5%), and chromophobe in 9 (12.3%). High grade tumors (Furhman 3-4) were present in 57% of the cases. Venous thrombus level extended to renal vein in 61 patients (83.6%), to inferior vena cava in 9 patients (12.3%) and to the cardiac right atrium in 3 cases (4.1%). The survival analysis showed worse survival in those patients with venous tumor thrombosis (p=.001) and with vein wall invasion (p=.0042), but not in function on the level of the thrombus (p=.12). The multivariate analysis identified the Furhman grade and venous tumor thrombosis as independent survival prognostic factors.Conclusions In our series, venous tumor thrombosis, together with the Furhman nuclear grade, is an independent survival prognostic factor. However, neither cephalic extension of the thrombus nor the invasion of the vein wall showed independent prognostic value.
    Actas urologicas españolas 01/2012; 36(1):29-34. · 1.15 Impact Factor
  • Value in Health 11/2002; 5(6):496-496. · 2.89 Impact Factor