Prognostic factors for survival of patients after curative surgery for renal cell carcinoma: multivariate analysis of 482 cases.
ABSTRACT Even with curative surgery, renal cell carcinoma occasionally recurs in other organs, with fatal results. In this study, we identified independent prognostic factors for survival in patients with renal cell carcinoma after curative surgery.
The records of 482 patients (mean age, 61.0 years; range, 17-90 years) who underwent curative surgery for renal cell carcinoma at Gifu University Hospital and its affiliated hospitals between 1991 and 2000 were reviewed. The average follow-up period was 42 months (range, 10-140 months). Clinical characteristics of the 482 patients were divided into three categories: patient factors (sex, age, performance status, and mode of tumor discovery), tumor factors (T classification, N classification, mode of infiltration, histological grade, and venous invasion), and treatment factor (whether or not adjuvant therapy with interferon-alpha was used). Stepwise multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression modeling was performed to identify independent determinants of survival.
Of the patient factors, performance status and mode of tumor discovery were independent factors predicting survival. Of the tumor factors, venous invasion and mode of infiltration were independent factors predicting survival. Use or non-use of adjuvant therapy was not significantly associated with survival. Overall, performance status, venous invasion, mode of infiltration, and histological grade were shown to be independent prognostic factors, in descending order of importance.
Performance status, venous invasion, mode of infiltration, and histological grade, in descending order, were the most important factors predicting survival after curative surgery for renal cell carcinoma.
- Value in Health 11/2002; 5(6):496-496. DOI:10.1016/S1098-3015(10)61318-6 · 2.89 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The prognostic significance of venous tumor thrombus extension in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a matter of many controversies in the current literature. To evaluate the prognostic role of inferior vena cava (IVC) involvement in a large series of pT3b and pT3c RCCs. A total of 1192 patients from 13 European institutions underwent a radical nephrectomy for pT3b and pT3c RCC between 1982 and 2003. The patients were evaluated in a retrospective manner. Age, gender, clinical symptoms, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status, TNM stage, tumor size, adrenal invasion, perinephric fat invasion, histological type, and Fuhrman grade were reviewed. The log-rank and Cox uni- and multivariate regression analyses were used to evaluate prognostic factors for overall survival. Overall survival and prognostic factors for overall survival in patients with RCC extending to the renal vein (RV) or to the IVC. The median follow-up was 61.4 mo (56.3-66.5 mo). The mean age was 63.2 yr. The mean tumor size was 8.9 cm. Group 1 (Gr 1) included 933 patients with a renal vein tumor thrombus (78.3%), Group 2 (Gr 2) included 196 patients with a subdiaphragmatic IVC tumor thrombus (16.4%), and Group 3 (Gr 3) included 63 patients with a supradiaphragmatic IVC tumor thrombus (5.3%). Median survival was 52 mo for Gr 1, 25.8 mo for Gr 2, and 18 mo for Gr 3. In univariate analysis, Gr 1 had a significantly better overall survival than Gr 2 (p<0.001) and Gr 3 (p<or=0.001). No significant difference in survival was noted between Gr 2 and Gr 3 (p=0.613). Prognostic factors for overall survival in univariate analysis were clinical symptoms (p<0.001), tumor size (p<0.001), perinephric fat invasion (p<0.001), Fuhrman grade (p<0.001), histological type (p=0.021), lymph node invasion (p<0.001), and distant metastasis (p<0.001). Independent prognostic factors in multivariate analysis were tumor size (p=0.013), perinephric fat invasion (p=0.003), lymph node invasion (p<0.001), distant metastasis (p<0.001), and IVC invasion (p=0.008). The level of tumor thrombus in the IVC does not significantly affect long-term overall survival in patients with renal cell carcinoma. The overall survival was statistically different for patients with a tumor thrombus in the RV compared to those with IVC involvement. This has to be considered for the next revision of the TNM system, and the pT3b and pT3c stages have to be redesigned.European Urology 08/2008; 55(2):452-9. DOI:10.1016/j.eururo.2008.07.053 · 12.48 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The long-term survival of renal cell cancer (RCC) patients is not reported in the recent literature. This study evaluated the significance of known clinical prognostic factors and long-term survival in a large centrally treated Finnish RCC population. In 948 patients diagnosed between 1964 and 1997 the relative overall survival (OS) was calculated up to 25 years by Bayesian analysis and the life-table method. The effect of gender, age, cancer stage, TNM (tumour, node, metastasis) class, Fuhrman's grade, symptoms and year of diagnosis was studied. Women and patients aged 40-49 years had better survival. Stage, TNM class and grade proved relevant for prognosis. The relative 5-year overall survival was 88%, 63%, 65% and 15% in stages I-IV, respectively. Asymptomatic patients had better survival, their median survival being 8.1 years as against 9.1 years in patients with local symptoms and only 1.7 years in patients with systemic symptoms. The year of diagnosis was not significant in prognosis. The most important explanatory factors were stage, age and clinical presentation of the tumour. RCC patients showed diminishing overall survival in the follow-up, with no plateau; almost 57% of patients developed local recurrence or distant metastases even after a very long disease-free interval.Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology 12/2009; 43(6):454-60. DOI:10.3109/00365590903286697 · 1.06 Impact Factor