Article

Comparing chemical fingerprints of herbal medicines using modified window target-testing factor analysis.

College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Research Center of Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicines, Central South University, Changsha, 410083, P. R. China.
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry (Impact Factor: 3.66). 03/2005; 381(4):913-24. DOI: 10.1007/s00216-004-2987-1
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A "chromatographic fingerprint" of a herbal medicine is essentially its chromatographic spectrum: a characteristic representation of its chemical components, some of which are pharmacologically active. Since a wide variety of factors, such as the geographical location, the harvest season, and the part used can influence the chemical constituents (and therefore the pharmacological activity) of any particular herbal medicine and its products, these fingerprints provide a way to compare and contrast the compositions of different variants of the same herbal medicine. In particular, it is possible to ascertain whether particular components present in one herbal fingerprint are also present in another fingerprint. In this work we use a novel method-modified window target-testing factor analysis (MWTTFA), based on the use of target factor analysis (TFA), fixed-size moving window evolving factor analysis (FSMWEFA) and a Gaussian shape correction to the chromatographic profiles-to achieve this end. To demostrate the strategy, the fingerprints of samples from garlics produced in different geographical locations were compared, as well as the fingerprints of samples taken from above-ground and below-ground parts of Houttuynia cordata Thunb. The results from these comparisons clearly show that four chemical components present in Hunan common edible garlic are absent in Xingping base garlic, while seven components are present in Xingping base garlic but absent in Hunan common edible garlic. Also, eleven components are present in the sample from the above-ground part of Houttuynia cordata Thunb but not in the sample from the below-ground part, while seven components are present in the sample from the below-ground part of Houttuynia cordata Thunb that are not present in the sample from the above-ground part. These interesting conclusions should be very useful for future pharmacological and clinical research into these herbal medicines, and the novel MWTTFA technique can also be used for quality control purposes.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
92 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Quality control plays a critical role in the process of translating the traditional/alternative medicines into modern evidence-based therapies. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is widely applied to assess the chemical composition of botanical drug products. The chromatographic fingerprints or chemical profiles are currently used as the de facto quality control metric. As a complement to chemical profiles, a biological quality control assessment offers distinct advantages. This study describes a genome-wide biological response fingerprinting (BioReF) approach to define a set of marker genes that define a signature pattern for a specific botanical formulation. These marker genes are chosen on the basis of the levels of the regulated expression and the involvement in the cellular signaling pathways. Subsequently, qRT-PCR technique is used to simultaneously monitor the gene expression of multiple marker genes in an efficient and quantitative manner. This set of marker genes represents the biological responses of human cells to the chemical composition of the botanical drug that could serve as potential quality control of botanical drugs in terms of the consistency of biological activities. We demonstrate the BioReF approach with a well-documented Chinese Medicine formula, designated as ISF-1, traditionally used for the management of post-stroke disorders. A set of nine marker genes were selected to assess the batch-to-batch consistency of the biological effects of ISF-1. This approach provides a potential comprehensive and cost-effective quality control metric of the biological activities of botanical drugs.
    Journal of Ethnopharmacology 09/2007; 113(1):35-44. · 2.76 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A total of 25 sugarcane spirit extracts of six different Brazilian woods and oak, commonly used by cooperage industries for aging cachaça, were analyzed for the presence of 14 phenolic compounds (ellagic acid, gallic acid, vanillin, syringaldehyde, synapaldehyde, coniferaldehyde, vanillic acid, syringic acid, quercetin, trans-resveratrol, catechin, epicatechin, eugenol, and myricetin) and two coumarins (scopoletin and coumarin) by HPLC-DAD-fluorescence and HPLC-ESI-MSn. Furthermore, an HPLC-DAD chromatographic fingerprint was build-up using chemometric analysis based on the chromatographic elution profiles of the extracts monitored at 280 nm. Major components identified and quantified in Brazilian wood extracts were coumarin, ellagic acid, and catechin, whereas oak extracts shown a major contribution of catechin, vanillic acid, and syringaldehyde. The main difference observed among oak and Brazilian woods remains in the concentration of coumarin, catechin, syringaldehyde, and coniferaldehyde. The chemometric analysis of the quantitative profile of the 14 phenolic compounds and two coumarins in the wood extracts provides a differentiation between the Brazilian wood and oak extracts. The chromatographic fingerprint treated by multivariate analysis revealed significant differences among Brazilian woods themselves and oak, clearly defining six groups of wood extracts: (i) oak extracts, (ii) jatobá extracts, (iii) cabreúva-parda extracts, (iv) amendoim extracts, (v) canela-sassafrás extracts and (vi) pequi extracts.
    Journal of Separation Science 12/2009; 32(21):3681 - 3691. · 2.59 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This work is mainly oriented to give an overview of the progress of multivariate curve resolution methods in the last 5 years. Conceived as a review that combines theory and practice, it will present the basics needed to understand what is the use, prospects and limitations of this family of chemometric methods with the latest trends in theoretical contributions and in the field of analytical applications.
    Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry 01/2006; 36:163-176. · 2.89 Impact Factor