Prognostic factors in patients with post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD) in the rituximab era
ABSTRACT To assess the effect of rituximab therapy and other prognostic factors on overall survival in patients with post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD) after solid organ transplantation, 30 consecutive patients diagnosed with PTLD between 1999 and 2002 were analyzed. Fifteen (50%) patients received rituximab (375 mg/m(2) once a week). Fifteen (50%) patients had other interventions including observation, immunosuppression reduction, surgery, chemotherapy, radiation or a combination of these. Patients receiving rituximab vs. non-rituximab differed in the following variables: age at diagnosis of PTLD (P = 0.009), days to PTLD (P = 0.0005), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in situ hybridization status (P = 0.02) and CD20-positive status (P = 0.006). At the time of last follow-up, 10 (33%) patients in the rituximab group and 5 (17%) in the non-rituximab group were alive. On univariate analysis for overall survival of all 30 patients, the significant factors were: treatment with rituximab (P = 0.03), response to treatment (P = 0.005), CD20 positive (P = 0.0004), low international prognostic index (IPI; P = 0.02) and good performance status (P = 0.009). Multivariate analysis of all patients was significant for CD20-positive status (P = 0.0007) and low performance status (P = 0.006). On multivariate analysis for overall survival in patients with CD20-positive PTLD, low IPI (P = 0.004) and rituximab therapy (P = 0.03) were significant. Low IPI and rituximab therapy led to an improved overall survival in patients with CD20-positive PTLD.
- SourceAvailable from: Nicolaas A Bakker
Article: [General aspects of endodontia].Odontoiatría; revista ibero-americana de medicina de la boca 02/1952; 9(97):1-16.
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ABSTRACT: Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) emerged in the mid-1990s as a major graft- and life-threatening complication of pediatric kidney transplantation. This condition, usually involving uncontrolled B lymphocyte proliferation, straddles the border between infection and malignancy, since Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) is intimately associated with the pathogenesis. PTLD is seen more in younger children (more likely to be EBV seronegative), Caucasian race, and in association with the more potent immunosuppression drugs. The clinical presentation typically involves multiple enlarged lymph nodes but varies based on localization of the lymphadenopathy. The diagnosis is based primarily on histopathological features. Treatment strategies include reduction of immunosuppression, use of anti-B cell antibodies, infusion of EBV-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes, and chemotherapy. Many different strategies have been tried to prevent PTLD, ranging from serial EBV viral load monitoring and pre-emptive immunosuppression reduction to anti-viral prophylaxis. None of the major treatment or prevention strategies has been subject to randomized clinical trials, so their relative efficacy is still unknown. PTLD remains a risk factor for graft loss, though re-transplants have not, to date, been associated with repeat PTLD.Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 12/1998; 13(11):2968-71. · 3.49 Impact Factor