[Percutaneous computed tomography-guided thermal ablation of osteoid osteoma].
ABSTRACT Progress in medical imaging has improved recognition and management of osteoid osteoma. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous thermal ablation and discuss the advantages and disadvantages.
We reviewed retrospectively 33 consecutive patients with osteoid osteoma who had undergone CT-guided radiofrequency ablation. The diagnosis was established on the basis of the clinical presentation and pathognomonic radiographic findings (CT and bone scintigram) without histological proof. We recorded patient age and gender, tumor location, clinical signs and duration, imaging findings, duration of the ablation procedure, type of anesthesia, hospital stay, and complications. We evaluated their effect on final outcome.
Weight-bearing was possible in all patients with a lesion of the lower limb a few hours after surgery. Patients resumed their normal activities in 24-48 hours. Pain resolved immediately after radiofrequency ablation in 26 patients and limping, when present, disappeared within 24 hours. At mean follow-up of 34 months (minimum 12 months) there was one case of recurrent pain. Clinical cure was confirmed by CT and bone scintigraphy in twelve patients.
This precise and minimally invasive method is an effective and safe way to reduce healthcare expenditures. It can be recommended as the primary treatment for osteoid osteoma.
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ABSTRACT: Osteoid osteoma is a benign painful bone tumor usually found in the lower extremities of children and young adults. It has been traditionally treated by surgical excision. Despite the small size of the lesion, the operative procedure for its removal can be extensive, but still sometimes remains incomplete. The purpose of this review is to highlight and discuss current developments in the management of osteoid osteoma. During the past decade, efforts were deployed to minimize bone removal, lessen the risk of pathologic fracture and the need for bone grafting, and thereby shorten the period of convalescence. Improved methods for the precise localization of an osteoid osteoma with use of radioisotope scanning or computed tomography scan have made it possible to treat this lesion with more limited and effective operations, mainly in deep and non-easily accessible osteoid osteomas. Although they bear the criticism of lacking histological proof for diagnosis of osteoid osteoma, minimally invasive techniques, such as computed tomography-guided percutaneous radiofrequency thermal ablation and laser photocoagulation have become the methods of choice for the treatment of all localizations except those in contact with neural structures (awaiting further research and experience), provided that the diagnosis is based on a typical clinical, scintigraphic and computed tomography presentation.Current Opinion in Pediatrics 02/2006; 18(1):36-41. DOI:10.1097/01.mop.0000193277.47119.15 · 2.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We report the case of an 8-year-old boy who presented an osteoid osteoma of L5 associated with bilateral spondylolysis involving the same vertebra.Diagnostic bone scintigraphy is highly contributive in children presenting back pain. For us, it is the first intention exploration in patients with isthmic lysis seen on the plain x-ray. Symptomatic spondylolysis is the most frequent cause of back pain in children and is much more frequent than vertebral osteoid osteoma. The presence of isthmic lysis associated with focal uptake on the bone scintigraphy is highly suggestive of symptomatic spondylolysis. In this context, magnetic resonance imaging should be performed for both diagnostic purposes and prognostic assessment. The degree of bone and soft tissue edema in the present case was unusual for symptomatic spondylolysis. Complementary computed tomography finally established the diagnosis of oseoid osteoma of the posterior vertebral arch.To our knowledge, the association of osteoid osteoma with bilateral spondylolysis on the same vertebra has not been described elsewhere. In children, the diagnosis of symptomatic spondylolysis can only be established after ruling out other causes of back pain. The diagnosis of osteoid osteoma must be kept in mind.
Article: A painful nidusRevue de Stomatologie et de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale 12/2007; 109(5):341-2. DOI:10.1016/j.stomax.2007.07.006 · 0.39 Impact Factor