Based on the available experimental data, we developed a kinetic model of the catalytic cycle of imidazologlycerol-phosphate synthetase from Escherichia coli accounting for the synthetase and glutaminase activities of the enzyme. The rate equations describing synthetase and glutaminase activities of imidazologlycerol-phosphate synthetase were derived from this catalytic cycle. Using the literature data, we evaluated all kinetic parameters of the rate equations characterizing individually synthetase and glutaminase activities as well as the contribution of each activity depending on concentration of the substrates, products, and effectors. As shown, in the presence of 5 -phosphoribosylformimino-5-aminoimidazolo-4-carboxamideribonucleotide (ProFAR) and imidazologlycerol phosphate (IGP) glutaminase activity dominates over synthetase activity at sufficiently low concentrations of 5 -phosphoribulosylformimino-5-aminoimidazolo-4-carboxamideribonucleotide (PRFAR). Increased PRFAR concentrations resulted in decreased contribution of glutaminase activity and, consequently, increased the contribution of synthetase activity in the enzyme functioning.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The mathematical model of the operation of the first enzyme of the Escherichia coli phosphotransferase system, EI, is proposed. Parameters of the kinetic model describing the operation of EI under different conditions are identified on the basis of a large amount of known experimental data. The verified model is employed to predict modes of operation of EI under both in vivo physiological conditions and in vitro nonphysiological conditions. The model predicts that under in vivo physiological conditions, the rate of phosphotransfer from EI to the second protein of the phosphotransferase system HPr by the dimer is much higher than by the monomer. A hypothesis is proposed on the basis of calculations that the transfer by a monomer plays a role in the regulation of chemotaxis. At submicromolar pyruvate concentration, the model predicts nonmonotonic dependence of the phosphotransfer rate on the substrate (PEP) concentration.
Journal of Biophysics 03/2011; 2011:579402. DOI:10.1155/2011/579402
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper studies the effect of salicylate on the energy metabolism of mitochondria using in silico simulations. A kinetic model of the mitochondrial Krebs cycle is constructed using information on the individual enzymes. Model parameters for the rate equations are estimated using in vitro experimental data from the literature. Enzyme concentrations are determined from data on respiration in mitochondrial suspensions containing glutamate and malate. It is shown that inhibition in succinate dehydrogenase and alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase by salicylate contributes substantially to the cumulative inhibition of the Krebs cycle by salicylates. Uncoupling of oxidative phosphorylation has little effect and coenzyme A consumption in salicylates transformation processes has an insignificant effect on the rate of substrate oxidation in the Krebs cycle. It is found that the salicylate-inhibited Krebs cycle flux can be increased by flux redirection through addition of external glutamate and malate, and depletion in external alpha-ketoglutarate and glycine concentrations.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper presents a kinetic model of phosphofructokinase-1 from Escherichia coli. A complete catalytic cycle has been reconstructed based on available information on the oligomeric structure of the enzyme and kinetic mechanism of its monomer. Applying the generalization of the Monod-Wyman-Changeux approach proposed by Popova and Sel'kov(35-37) to the reconstructed catalytic cycle rate equation has been derived. Dependence of the reaction rate on pH, magnesium, and effectors has been taken into account. Kinetic parameters have been estimated via fitting the rate equation against experimentally measured dependencies of initial rate on substrates, products, effectors, and pH available from the literature. The model of phosphofructokinase-1 predicts (1) cooperativity of binding both fructose-6-phosphate and ATPMg(2-), (2) significant inhibition of the enzyme resulting from an increase in total concentration of ATP under the condition of fixed concentration of Mg(2+) ions, and (3) dual effect of ADP consisting of allosteric activation and product inhibition of the enzyme. Moreover, the model developed can be used in the kinetic modeling of biochemical pathways containing phosphofructokinase-1.
Journal of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology 09/2008; 6(4):843-67. DOI:10.1142/S0219720008003643 · 0.78 Impact Factor
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