Melanocytic nevi in very young children: the role of phenotype, sun exposure, and sun protection.
ABSTRACT Melanocytic nevi are strongly associated with cutaneous melanoma, yet little is known about factors influencing nevus development in the first years of life.
We sought to identify phenotypic and environmental factors associated with nevus counts in very young children.
In a cluster prevalence survey, full body nevus counts and phenotypic assessments were conducted on 193 children aged 1 to 3 years. Information on each child's sun exposure and sun protection practices was obtained through parental questionnaire.
High total nevus counts were associated with heavy facial freckling, time spent outdoors on weekends in summer, and Caucasian ethnicity. Low nevus counts were associated with dark skin color, ability to tan, and frequent application of sunscreen. Frequent wearing of hats was specifically associated with low nevus counts on the face, but not at other sites.
Nevi are common at a very young age among children in Queensland, Australia, and are associated with sun exposure and freckling. Diligent sun protection practices appear to reduce nevus burden, even after accounting for the effects of phenotype and sun exposure factors. Primary prevention strategies aimed at reducing sun exposure in very early life may be effective in reducing nevus prevalence and melanoma risk.
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ABSTRACT: Identifying individuals at increased risk for melanoma could potentially improve public health through targeted surveillance and early detection. Studies have separately demonstrated significant associations between melanoma risk, melanocortin receptor (MC1R) polymorphisms, and indoor ultraviolet light (UV) exposure. Existing melanoma risk prediction models do not include these factors; therefore, we investigated their potential to improve the performance of a risk model.PLoS ONE 07/2014; 9(7):e101507. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Acquired melanocytic naevi (AMN) are a well-known risk factor for the development of melanoma. Whereas previous studies have reviewed AMN distributions on individual body sites, the clinical distribution of AMN on the adult trunk has not been thoroughly investigated. We studied 40 participants with 1,282 naevi >5 mm, of which 781 were located on the trunk. Remarkably, 70% of these truncal naevi were located on the back and we produced a continuous mathematical description of decreasing naevus frequency moving dorsolaterally from the back midline. Furthermore we found that for both sexes the mean naevus size was larger on the front as well as on the lower trunk. This distinct pattern, whilst probably being unwritten knowledge (in the dermatology domain), has not been discussed before. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.Dermatology (Basel, Switzerland). 01/2014; 228(3):269-75.