Expression of mesothelin, fascin, and prostate stem cell antigen in primary ovarian mucinous tumors and their utility in differentiating primary ovarian mucinous tumors from metastatic pancreatic mucinous carcinomas in the ovary.
ABSTRACT Metastatic pancreatic mucinous adenocarcinomas in the ovaries can be difficult to distinguish from primary ovarian mucinous neoplasms because the former can simulate the latter grossly and histologically and both tumor types share the same cytokeratin 7/cytokeratin 20 immunoprofile. We previously reported the utility of loss of Dpc4 expression in distinguishing metastatic pancreatic carcinomas from primary ovarian mucinous tumors. Recently several new pancreatic carcinoma markers have been identified, including mesothelin, fascin, and prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA). In this study we investigate the expression patterns of these markers in 35 primary ovarian mucinous tumors (28 atypical proliferative [borderline] tumors and 7 invasive carcinomas) and 11 metastatic pancreatic mucinous carcinomas in the ovary. Primary ovarian mucinous tumors expressed mesothelin (17%), fascin (26%), and PSCA (43%) less frequently than metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinomas (73%, 73%, and 82%, respectively). Expression of all three markers was seen only in metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinomas (45%), and coexpression of at least two markers was observed significantly more frequently in metastatic (82%) than primary ovarian mucinous tumors (17%). Our results indicate that an immunohistochemical panel including Dpc4, mesothelin, fascin, and PSCA is useful for evaluating difficult mucinous tumors in the ovary when the differential diagnosis includes metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
- SourceAvailable from: abbs.infoActa Biochimica Et Biophysica Sinica - ACTA BIOCHIM BIOPHYS SINICA. 01/2009; 41(8):648-656.
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ABSTRACT: Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is involved in actin cytoskeleton reorganization and tumor progression. Fascin1, an actin-binding protein, increases cell invasiveness and motility in various transformed cells. To determine whether fascin1 is an important mediator of the tumor response to TGF-beta, we applied the small interfering RNA (siRNA) technique to silence fascin1 in gastric cancer (GC) cells MKN45. Results showed that the effects of TGF-beta1 on GC cells invasion and metastasis were mediated by tumor production of fascin1; furthermore, it was found that TGF-beta1- induced fascin1 expression was suppressed by the specific inhibitors of JNK and ERK pathways, SP6001125 and PD98059, respectively, but not by transient transfection of Smad2 and Smad4 siRNA. Our data for the first time demonstrated that fascin1 is an important mediator of TGF-beta1-induced invasion and metastasis of GC cells, which involves JNK and ERK signaling pathways.Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica 09/2009; 41(8):648-56. · 1.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A recent genome wide association study (GWAS) indentified a significant association between rs2294008 (C > T) polymorphism in prostate stem-cell antigen (PSCA) and increased risk of gastric cancer in Japanese and Korean populations. The aim of this study was to determine whether rs2294008 polymorphism is associated with risk of gastric cancer in a Korean population. We conducted a large-scale case-control study of 3,245 gastric cancer patients and 1,700 controls. The frequencies of the CC, CT, and TT genotypes of rs2294008 polymorphism were 17.8%, 49.9%, and 32.3% in the gastric cancer patients; and 24.4%, 48.1%, and 27.5% in the controls, respectively. We found that the CT and TT genotypes were associated with a significantly increased risk of gastric cancer (OR(CT) = 1.50, 95% confidence intervals, 95% CI: 1.28-1.76; OR(TT) = 1.71, 95% CI: 1.43-2.04), compared with the CC genotype. Further, stratified by tumor location and histological type, the effect of the rs2294008 T allele was larger in cardia (OR(TT) = 2.62, 95% CI = 1.42-4.85) than non-cardia (OR(TT) = 1.67, 95% CI = 1.40-2.00), in diffuse-type (OR(TT) = 2.00, 95% CI: 1.55-2.59) than in intestinal-type (OR(TT) = 1.51, 95% CI: 1.22-1.86). Our study showed that rs2294008 in the PSCA gene was associated with increased risks of gastric cancer in a Korean population, suggests that rs2294008 might play an important role in gastric carcinogenesis.Molecular Carcinogenesis 05/2011; 50(11):871-5. · 4.27 Impact Factor