Delineating the Structure of Normal and Abnormal Personality: An Integrative Hierarchical Approach.

Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (Impact Factor: 5.08). 02/2005; 88(1):139-57. DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.88.1.139
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Increasing evidence indicates that normal and abnormal personality can be treated within a single structural framework. However, identification of a single integrated structure of normal and abnormal personality has remained elusive. Here, a constructive replication approach was used to delineate an integrative hierarchical account of the structure of normal and abnormal personality. This hierarchical structure, which integrates many Big Trait models proposed in the literature, replicated across a meta-analysis as well as an empirical study, and across samples of participants as well as measures. The proposed structure resembles previously suggested accounts of personality hierarchy and provides insight into the nature of personality hierarchy more generally. Potential directions for future research on personality and psychopathology are discussed.

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Available from: David Watson, Dec 18, 2013
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    • "at characterize patient presentations is a pathway FIGURE 1 . Pathological Personality Trait Hierarchy . This figure is based loosely on Wright and colleagues ' ( 2012 ) examination of the Personality Inventory for DSM - 5 ; certain aspects of the hierarchy may differ depending on the specific instruments being analyzed ( e . g . , Digman , 1996 ; Markon et al . , 2005 ) . It is understood that the hierarchy depicted here extends downward from the level of five domains to depict narrower trait facets , which may vary depending on the specific instrument being used ."
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    • " to the English original in non - clinical Spanish samples but it is not yet known how well they function , at psychometric level , with Spanish psychiatric samples . Some research suggests that instruments assessing FFM traits in non - clinical samples are valuable for assessing person - ality in psychiatric samples but results are inconclusive ( Markon et al . , 2005 ; Samuel et al . , 2010 ) ."
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    • "The threat/trust framework, along with some existing perspectives [4] [7], highlights basic interpersonal mechanisms that appear neglected by other personality theories [6] [14]. However, in contrast to broader trends toward theoretical integration and explanatory pluralism [1] [5] [9] [10] [16], Neuman's theory of personality may risk " greedy reductionism " [3] by prioritising parsimony over comprehensiveness. "
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