Article

Delineating the Structure of Normal and Abnormal Personality

Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (Impact Factor: 5.08). 02/2005; 88(1):139-57. DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.88.1.139
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Increasing evidence indicates that normal and abnormal personality can be treated within a single structural framework. However, identification of a single integrated structure of normal and abnormal personality has remained elusive. Here, a constructive replication approach was used to delineate an integrative hierarchical account of the structure of normal and abnormal personality. This hierarchical structure, which integrates many Big Trait models proposed in the literature, replicated across a meta-analysis as well as an empirical study, and across samples of participants as well as measures. The proposed structure resembles previously suggested accounts of personality hierarchy and provides insight into the nature of personality hierarchy more generally. Potential directions for future research on personality and psychopathology are discussed.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: David Watson, Dec 18, 2013
1 Follower
 · 
125 Views
    • "at characterize patient presentations is a pathway FIGURE 1 . Pathological Personality Trait Hierarchy . This figure is based loosely on Wright and colleagues ' ( 2012 ) examination of the Personality Inventory for DSM - 5 ; certain aspects of the hierarchy may differ depending on the specific instruments being analyzed ( e . g . , Digman , 1996 ; Markon et al . , 2005 ) . It is understood that the hierarchy depicted here extends downward from the level of five domains to depict narrower trait facets , which may vary depending on the specific instrument being used ."
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this special issue of the Journal of Personality Disorders is to promote the integration of personality structure and dynamics towards more evidence-based and clinically useful conceptualizations of personality pathology. In this article, we describe a contemporary model of personality structure that is useful for distinguishing patients from one another and the connections between this structure and within-person dynamics that occur across different levels of an individual personality, across situations, and within situations. In so doing, we connect the personality trait tradition that has tended to emphasize stable individual differences with traditions that have tended to focus on the more dynamic aspects of interpersonal behavior and emotional experience. We then introduce the empirical articles in this special issue within this integrative context, in order to demonstrate the value in connecting personality structure to dynamics for research and practice.
    Journal of Personality Disorders 07/2015; 29(4):431-448. DOI:10.1521/pedi.2015.29.4.431 · 2.31 Impact Factor
  • Source
    • " to the English original in non - clinical Spanish samples but it is not yet known how well they function , at psychometric level , with Spanish psychiatric samples . Some research suggests that instruments assessing FFM traits in non - clinical samples are valuable for assessing person - ality in psychiatric samples but results are inconclusive ( Markon et al . , 2005 ; Samuel et al . , 2010 ) ."
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Spanish NEO-FFI-R using Rasch analyses, in order to test its rating scale functioning, the reliability of scores, internal structure, and differential item functioning (DIF) by gender in a psychiatric sample. The NEO-FFI-R responses of 433 Spanish adults (154 males) with an anxiety disorder as primary diagnosis were analyzed using the Rasch model for rating scales. Two intermediate categories of response (‘neutral’ and ‘agree’) malfunctioned in the Neuroticism and Conscientiousness scales. In addition, model reliabilities were lower than expected in Agreeableness and Neuroticism, and the item fit values indicated each scale had items that did not achieve moderate to high discrimination on its dimension, particularly in the Agreeableness scale. Concerning unidimensionality, the five NEO-FFI-R scales showed large first components of unexplained variance. Finally, DIF by gender was detected in seventeen items. The results suggest that the scores of the Spanish NEO-FFI-R are unreliable in psychiatric samples and cannot be generalized between males and females, especially in the Openness, Conscientiousness, and Agreeableness scales. Future directions for testing and refinement should be developed before the NEO-FFI-R can be used reliably in clinical samples.
    Frontiers in Psychology 03/2015; 6:465. DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00465 · 2.80 Impact Factor
  • Source
    • "A more widely used categorization of personality traits is one based on the Big Five factors, namely Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism. It is now well established that the MPQ scales can be mapped onto the Big Five; indeed, a factor analysis of the MPQ along with four other personality inventories (only one being a purpose-built Big Five instrument) revealed that the Big Five structure underlies all of these inventories (Markon et al., 2005). Thus, we derive our Big Five personality trait measures from the MPQ along lines that are by now standard, with the exception of the two subscales for the "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We study the association between smoking status and individual decisions, focusing on outcomes in the domain of personal finance. The study draws information on demographic variables, various financial outcomes including individual credit scores, time and risk preferences, and personality traits, from both population data and experimental data. The results suggest that smokers make poor decisions and experience worse outcomes with personal finances vis-à-vis non-smokers. This relationship is robust to controlling for a myriad of variables, including characteristics that are known to be correlated with smoking. Thus, smoking status contains more precise information about individuals that are not fully captured by available noisy economic and psychological measures. Since available estimates of personality traits have substantial measurement error, smoking status may effectively capture residual information.
    Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 11/2014; 107. DOI:10.1016/j.jebo.2014.08.003 · 1.01 Impact Factor
Show more