Real-time detection of doorway states in the intramolecular vibrational energy redistribution of the OH/OD stretch vibration of phenol
Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Sendai, 980-8578, Japan.The Journal of Chemical Physics (Impact Factor: 2.95). 01/2005; 121(23):11530-4. DOI: 10.1063/1.1829634
A picosecond time-resolved IR-UV pump-probe spectroscopic study was carried out for the intramolecular vibrational energy redistribution of the OH/OD stretching vibration of isolated phenol and its isotopomers in supersonic beams. The time evolution due to IVR showed a significant isotope effect; the OH stretch vibration showed a single exponential decay and its lifetime is greatly lengthened upon the deuterium substitution of the CH group. The OD stretch vibration exhibited prominent quantum beats. Especially, in phenol-d1 (C6H5OD), the electronic transitions from the doorway states were clearly observed. They exhibited an out-of-phase quantum beat with respect to that of the OD stretch level and disappeared due to further IVR to the dense bath states. The transient spectra as well as the time evolution clearly evidenced the tier-model of the description of intramolecular vibrational energy redistribution.
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ABSTRACT: Intramolecular vibrational energy redistribution (IVR) of the NH2 symmetric and asymmetric stretching vibrations of jet-cooled aniline has been investigated by picosecond time-resolved IR-UV pump-probe spectroscopy. A picosecond IR laser pulse excited the NH2 symmetric or asymmetric stretching vibration of aniline in the electronic ground state and the subsequent time evolutions of the excited level as well as redistributed levels were observed by a picosecond UV pulse. The IVR lifetimes for symmetric and asymmetric stretches were obtained to be 18 and 34 ps, respectively. In addition, we obtained the direct evidence that IVR proceeds via two-step bath states; that is, the NH2 stretch energy first flows into the doorway state and the energy is further dissipated into dense bath states. The rate constants of the second step were estimated to be comparable to or slower than those of the first step IVR. The relaxation behavior was compared with that of IVR of the OH stretching vibration of phenol [Y. Yamada, T. Ebata, M. Kayano, and M. Mikami J. Chem. Phys. 120, 7400 (2004)]. We found that the second step IVR process of aniline is much slower than that of phenol, suggesting a large difference of the "doorway state increasing the dense bath states" anharmonic coupling strength between the two molecules. We also observed IVR of the CH stretching vibrations, which showed much faster IVR behavior than that of the NH2 stretches. The fast relaxation is described by the interference effect, which is caused by the coherent excitation of the quasistationary states.The Journal of Chemical Physics 10/2005; 123(12):124316. DOI:10.1063/1.2039087 · 2.95 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Transient electronic absorption following excitation of the first C-H stretching overtone (2nu(CH)) or a C-H stretch-bend combination (nu(CH) + nu(bend)) monitors the flow of vibrational energy in cis-stilbene and in trans-stilbene. Following a rapid initial rise as energy flows into states interrogated by the probe pulse, the absorption decays with two time constants, which are about a factor of 2 longer for the cis-isomer than for the trans-isomer. The decay times for cis-stilbene are tau2(cis) = (2.6 +/- 1.5) ps and tau3(cis) = (24.1 +/- 2.1) ps, and those for trans-stilbene are tau2(trans) = (1.4 +/- 0.6) ps and tau3(trans) = (10.2 +/- 1.1) ps. The decay times are essentially the same in different solvents, suggesting that the relaxation is primarily intramolecular. The two decay times are consistent with the sequential flow of energy through sets of coupled states within the molecule, and the difference in the rates for the two isomers likely reflects differences in coupling among the states arising from the different structures of the isomers. The similarity of the time evolution following excitation of the first C-H overtone at 5990 cm(-1) and the stretch-bend combination at 4650 cm(-1) is consistent with a subset of states, whose structure is similar for the two vibrational excitation energies, controlling the observed flow of energy.The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 01/2006; 109(51):11673-8. DOI:10.1021/jp054263x · 2.69 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: During the past decade the understanding of photo-induced ultrafast dynamics in molecular systems has improved at an unforeseen speed and a wealth of detailed insight into the fundamental processes has been obtained.This review summarizes our present knowledge on ultrafast dynamics in isolated molecules and molecular clusters evolving after excitation with femtosecond pulses as studied by pump–probe analysis in real time. Experimental tools and methods as well as theoretical models are described which have been developed to glean information on primary, ultrafast processes in photophysics, photochemistry and photobiology. The relevant processes are explained by way of example—from wave packet dynamics in systems with a few atoms all the way to internal conversion via conical intersections in bio-chromophores. A systematic overview on characteristic systems follows, starting with diatomic and including larger organic molecules as well as various types of molecular clusters, such as micro-solvated chromophore molecules. For conciseness the focus is on molecular systems which remain unperturbed by the laser pulses—apart from the excitation and detection processes as such. Thus, only some aspects of controlling and manipulating molecular reactions by shaped and/or very intense laser pulses are discussed briefly for particularly instructive examples, illustrating the perspectives of this prospering field.The material presented in this review comprises some prototypical examples from earlier pioneering work but emphasizes studies from recent years and covers the most important and latest developments until January 2006.Reports on Progress in Physics 05/2006; 69(6):1897. DOI:10.1088/0034-4885/69/6/R06 · 17.06 Impact Factor
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