Nucleotides and pronucleotides of 2,2-bis(hydroxymethyl)methylenecyclopropane analogues of purine nucleosides: synthesis and antiviral activity.
ABSTRACT Phenylmethylphosphor-L-alaninate pronucleotides 7a, 7b, 8a, and 8b, cyclic phosphates 10a and 10b, and phosphates 11a and 11b derived from 2,2-bis(hydroxymethyl)methylenecyclopropane analogues 1a, 1b, 2a, and 2b were synthesized and evaluated for their antiviral activity. An improved protocol for the synthesis of analogues 1a, 1b, 2a, and 2b is also described. Phosphate 11a was the most effective agent against human and murine cytomegalovirus (EC(50) 0.25-1.1 microM). The Z-pronucleotides 7a and 7b had EC(50) 3.6-25.2 and 3-18.4 microM, respectively. The EC(50) of cyclic phosphate 10a was 6.0-20 microM. The activity against Epstein-Barr (EBV) was assay-dependent. Pronucleotides 7a and 7b and phosphate 11a had EC(50) 2.3-3.4 microM against EBV/H-1, but 7b was cytotoxic (CC(50) 3.8 microM). Cyclic phosphate 10a was the only compound effective against EBV/Daudi (EC(50) 0.96 microM), but it was inactive in H-1 cells. Pronucleotide 7a was active against varicella zoster virus with EC(50) 6.3 and 7.3 microM, respectively, and hepatitis B virus (HBV, EC(50) 4.1 microM). Cyclic phosphate 10a was the most effective analogue against HBV (EC(50) 0.8 microM).
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ABSTRACT: Enantiomeric cyclopropavir phosphates (+)-9 and (-)-9 were synthesized and investigated as substrates for GMP kinase. N(2)-Isobutyryl-di-O-acetylcyclopropavir (11) was converted to (+)-monoacetate 12 using hydrolysis catalyzed by porcine liver esterase. Phosphorylation via phosphite 13 gave after deacylation, phosphate (+)-9. Acid-catalyzed tetrahydropyranylation of (+)-monoacetate 12 gave, after deacylation, tetrahydropyranyl derivative 14. Phosphorylation via phosphite 15 furnished, after deprotection, enantiomeric phosphate (-)-9. Racemic diphosphate 16 was also synthesized. The phosphate (+)-9 is a relatively good substrate for GMP kinase with a K(M) value of 57 microM that is similar to that of the natural substrates GMP (61 microM) and dGMP (82 microM). In contrast, the enantiomer (-)-9 is not a good substrate (K(M) 1200 microM) indicating a significant enantioselectivity for the GMP kinase catalyzed reaction of monophosphate to diphosphate.Nucleosides Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids 09/2009; 28(9):795-808. · 0.71 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Following the example of L-valine prodrugs of antiviral nucleoside analogues, L-valine ester of cyclopropavir (valcyclopropavir) was synthesized. The known tetrahydropyranylcyclopropavir was transformed to N-(tert-butoxycarbonyl)-L-valine ester, which was deprotected to valcyclopropavir. Stability of valcyclopropavir towards hydrolysis at pH 7.0 roughly corresponded to that of valganciclovir. Valcyclopropavir inhibited replication of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV, Towne and AD169 strains) to approximately the same extent as the parent drug cyclopropavir. Pharmacokinetic studies in mice established that the oral bioavailability of valcyclopropavir was 95%. The prodrug valcyclopropavir offers some improved therapeutic parameters over the parent compound cyclopropavir.Antiviral chemistry & chemotherapy 01/2009; 20(1):37-46.
- European Neuropsychopharmacology - EUR NEUROPSYCHOPHARMACOL. 01/2010; 20.