Bilateral Stifle Osteochondritis Dissecans in a Cat
ABSTRACT A 9-month-old, castrated male, domestic shorthaired cat was presented for progressive right hind-limb lameness. A diagnosis of osteochondritis dissecans of the lateral femoral condyle was made based on radiographs and physical examination, and was confirmed by right lateral stifle arthrotomy. The cartilage flap was removed, and the underlying bone was curetted. Seven months later, the cat was sound on the right leg but developed a left hind-limb lameness. A similar lesion was found in the left leg and was treated identically. Fourteen months after presentation, the cat was sound on both hind limbs.
- SourceAvailable from: Ylva Persson[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The overall aims were to learn more about factors affecting fertility in Swedish beef sires in general and in yearling beef bulls in particular, focusing mainly on sexual maturity and hind limb health finding useful tools in order to be able to routinely perform a complete bull breeding soundness evaluations in Swedish beef bulls. Semen was collected from yearling beef bulls, postmortem, and the sperm morphology was evaluated. Using a strict definition, based on sperm morphology, we could demonstrate that less than half the number of the bulls was considered sexually mature at 12 months of age. Samples collected by transrectal massage were compared with the two most commonly used collection methods; artificial vagina and electroejaculation, and with samples collected by cauda epididymal dissection postmortem. Sperm morphology in semen collected by transrectal massage was as representative as in samples collected by artificial vagina and electroejaculation and to some extent also in those collected postmortem. However, reduction in volume, concentration and motility would need to be considered, especially if semen is collected outdoors under suboptimal conditions. In conclusion, the transrectal massage technique is a very useful semen collection method in the field when no other collection method is possible, thus enabling a complete bull breeding soundness evaluation. Femorotibial, femoropatellar (stifle), tarsocrural, talocalcaneus, and proximal intertarsal joints from young beef sires with impaired fertility, but no signs of lameness, were examined postmortem regarding the presence of joint lesions. A majority of the bulls had severe, bilateral lesions referred to as osteoarthritis secondary to osteochondrosis dissecans. We think that the osteoarthritis present in the hind limbs must have contributed to the infertility, rendering the bulls difficulties in mounting. The fact that most of the lesions were bilateral, could explain the absence of clinical lameness. The results of this study indicate that the poor fertility reported in these beef bulls can be a result of joint problems, secondary to osteochondrosis. Thus, joint lesions should always be taken into consideration as a contributory cause of reproductive failure in beef sires with or without symptoms of lameness.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A three and a half-month-old male German shepherd dog was presented with an osteochondritis dissecan of the lateral condyle of the right femur. Curettage of the lesion and joint flush were performed. At six months of age, the dog presented again bilateral osteochondritis of both shoulders: surgical treatment was performed on the first one (osteochondritis dissecans with symptoms) and management of the other shoulder was medical (osteochondritis without symptoms). Osteochondritis lesions can involve several different joints in the same dog and growth should be regularly controlled. Early surgical treatment (arthrotomy or arthroscopy) is recommended to limit progression of osteoarthritis.Pratique Médicale et Chirurgicale de l Animal de Compagnie 10/2008; 43(4):157-163. DOI:10.1016/j.anicom.2008.10.002
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Distal ulna metaphyseal osteochondrosis was identified in seven captive bred cheetahs raised in Australia between 1984 and 2005. The disorder was characterized by bilateral carpal valgus conformation. In the metaphyseal region of the distal ulnae, an osteolucent defect that appeared as a proximal extension of the lucent physis was identified radiographically between 6 and 10 months of age. Ulna ostectomy was done to correct the angular limb deformity. Histologically, changes were identified in the osteolucent lesion that resembled osteochondrosis. We propose that the condition is probably familial and/or dietary in origin.Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 11/2008; 49(6):551-6. DOI:10.1111/j.1740-8261.2008.00430.x · 1.26 Impact Factor