Article

High throughput proteome screening for biomarker detection.

Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, WA 98103, USA.
Molecular &amp Cellular Proteomics (Impact Factor: 7.25). 03/2005; 4(2):182-90. DOI: 10.1074/mcp.M400161-MCP200
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Mass spectrometry-based quantitative proteomics has become an important component of biological and clinical research. Current methods, while highly developed and powerful, are falling short of their goal of routinely analyzing whole proteomes mainly because the wealth of proteomic information accumulated from prior studies is not used for the planning or interpretation of present experiments. The consequence of this situation is that in every proteomic experiment the proteome is rediscovered. In this report we describe an approach for quantitative proteomics that builds on the extensive prior knowledge of proteomes and a platform for the implementation of the method. The method is based on the selection and chemical synthesis of isotopically labeled reference peptides that uniquely identify a particular protein and the addition of a panel of such peptides to the sample mixture consisting of tryptic peptides from the proteome in question. The platform consists of a peptide separation module for the generation of ordered peptide arrays from the combined peptide sample on the sample plate of a MALDI mass spectrometer, a high throughput MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometer, and a suite of software tools for the selective analysis of the targeted peptides and the interpretation of the results. Applying the method to the analysis of the human blood serum proteome we demonstrate the feasibility of using mass spectrometry-based proteomics as a high throughput screening technology for the detection and quantification of targeted proteins in a complex system.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
71 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Supramolecular assemblies formed by amphiphilic homopolymers with negatively charged groups in the hydrophilic segment have been designed to enable high labeling selectivity towards reactive side chain functional groups in peptides. The negatively-charged interiors of the supramolecular assemblies are found to block the reactivity of protonated amines that would otherwise be reactive in aqueous solution, while maintaining the reactivity of non-protonated amines. Simple changes to the pH of the assemblies' interiors allow control over the reactivity of different functional groups in a manner that is dependent on the pKa of a given peptide functional group. The labeling studies carried out in positively charged supramolecular assemblies and free buffer solution show that, even when the amine is protonated, labeling selectivity exists only when complementary electrostatic interactions are present, thereby demonstrating the electrostatically controlled nature of these reactions.
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 08/2013; · 11.44 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The absolute quantitation of the targeted protein using mass spectrometry provides a promising method to evaluate/verify biomarkers used in clinical diagnostics. In this study, a cardiac biomarker, troponin I (TnI), was used as a model protein for method development. The epitope peptide of TnI was characterized by epitope excision followed with LC/MS/MS method and acted as the surrogate peptide for the targeted protein quantitation. The MRM based mass spectrometry assay using a stable internal standard that improved the selectivity, specificity, and sensitivity of the protein quantitation. Also, plasma albumin depletion and affinity enrichment of TnI by anti-TnI mAb coated microparticles reduced the sample complexity, enhanced the dynamic range, and further improved the detecting sensitivity of the targeted protein in the biological matrix. Therefore, quantitation of troponin I, a low abundant protein in human plasma, has demonstrated the applicability of the targeted protein quantitation strategy through its epitope peptide determined by epitope mapping method. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved
    Proteomics 03/2014; · 3.97 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The use of targeted proteomics to identify urinary biomarkers of kidney disease in urine can avoid the interference of serum proteins. It may provide better sample throughput, higher sensitivity, and specificity. Knowing which urinary proteins to target is essential. By analyzing the urine from perfused isolated rat kidneys, 990 kidney origin proteins with human analogs were identified in urine. Of these proteins, 128 were not found in normal human urine and may become biomarkers with zero background. A total of 297 proteins were not found in normal human plasma. These proteins will not be influenced by other normal organs and will be kidney specific. The levels of 33 proteins increased during perfusion with an oxygen-deficient solution compared to those perfused with oxygen. The 75 proteins in the perfusion-driven urine have a significantly increased abundance ranking compared to their ranking in normal human urine. When compared with existing candidate biomarkers, over ninety percent of the kidney origin proteins in urine identified in this study have not been examined as candidate biomarkers of kidney diseases.
    PLoS ONE 06/2013; 8(6):e66911. · 3.53 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
32 Downloads
Available from
May 31, 2014