A right orbitofrontal region and OCD symptoms: a case report.
ABSTRACT To discuss the relationship between obsessive-compulsive symptoms and a right orbitofrontal lesion.
Single case report.
A 59-year-old man developed obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms after his head injury. Magnetic resonance imaging brain scans showed a small contusion in the right orbitofrontal region, and single-photon emission computed tomography revealed hypoperfusion in blood flow at the same region.
The OCD symptoms that developed in the present case may be attributable primarily to hypofunction in the lesion localized to the right orbitofrontal area. Although caution is needed for interpretation of the observation because of our experience of only a single case, it suggests that the right orbitofrontal region may be important in forming OCD symptoms.
[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Psychiatric disorders after traumatic brain injury (TBI) are frequent. Researches in this area are important for the patients' care and they may provide hints for the comprehension of primary psychiatric disorders. Here we approach epidemiology, diagnosis, associated factors and treatment of the main psychiatric disorders after TBI. Finally, the present situation of the knowledge in this field is discussed.Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 09/2008; 4(4):797-816. · 1.81 Impact Factor
Article: Diffusion tensor imaging of incentive effects in prospective memory after pediatric traumatic brain injury.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Few studies exist investigating the brain-behavior relations of event-based prospective memory (EB-PM) impairments following traumatic brain injury (TBI). To address this, children with moderate-to-severe TBI performed an EB-PM test with two motivational enhancement conditions and underwent concurrent diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) at 3 months post-injury. Children with orthopedic injuries (OI; n=37) or moderate-to-severe TBI (n=40) were contrasted. Significant group differences were found for fractional anisotropy (FA) and apparent diffusion coefficient for orbitofrontal white matter (WM), cingulum bundles, and uncinate fasciculi. The FA of these WM structures in children with TBI significantly correlated with EB-PM performance in the high, but not the low motivation condition. Regression analyses within the TBI group indicated that the FA of the left cingulum bundle (p=0.003), left orbitofrontal WM (p<0.02), and left (p<0.02) and right (p<0.008) uncinate fasciculi significantly predicted EB-PM performance in the high motivation condition. We infer that the cingulum bundles, orbitofrontal WM, and uncinate fasciculi are important WM structures mediating motivation-based EB-PM responses following moderate-to-severe TBI in children.Journal of neurotrauma 01/2011; 28(4):503-16. · 4.25 Impact Factor
Article: Obsessive-compulsive disorder comorbidity: clinical assessment and therapeutic implications.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a neuropsychiatric disorder affecting approximately 1-3% of the population. OCD is probably an etiologically heterogeneous condition. Individuals with OCD frequently have additional psychiatric disorders concomitantly or at some time during their lifetime. Recently, some authors proposed an OCD sub-classification based on comorbidity. An important issue in assessing comorbidity is the fact that the non-response to treatment often involves the presence of comorbid conditions. Non-responsive patients are more likely to meet criteria for comorbid axis I or axis II disorders and the presence of a specific comorbid condition could be a distinguishing feature in OCD, with influence on the treatment adequacy and outcome.Frontiers in psychiatry / Frontiers Research Foundation. 01/2011; 2:70.