Geriatric depression treatment in nonresponders to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.
ABSTRACT Up to a third of elderly patients with major depressive disorder are treatment resistant, yet little objective evidence is available to guide the clinician in managing these patients. We report here our experience with elderly subjects with prospectively defined treatment-resistant depression in 2 separate research studies: one entailing an augmentation strategy, the other a change to venlafaxine extended release (XR).
Fifty-three elderly subjects with major depressive disorder according to DSM-IV criteria who failed treatment with paroxetine plus interpersonal psychotherapy received 1 to 3 trials of augmentation with bupropion sustained release, nortriptyline, or lithium. Successively fewer subjects entered each sequential trial of augmentation. Twelve subjects subsequently received venlafaxine XR monotherapy. Response to treatment was defined as a 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression score of < 10 for 3 weeks.
Sixty percent of subjects (N = 32) responded to some form of augmentation, with 45% (24/53), 31% (5/16), and 43% (3/7) responding to the first, second, and third augmentation trials, respectively. The mean time to response after starting the first augmentation trial was 6.0 (SD = 5.8) weeks. Forty-two percent (N = 5) of the venlafaxine XR-treated subjects responded with the mean time to response of 6.4 (SE = 0.9) weeks. Adverse effects leading to treatment discontinuation and falls were more common in the augmentation subjects than in the venlafaxine XR subjects.
We observed similar rates and speed of response with an augmentation strategy and a strategy of switching to venlafaxine XR in elderly subjects with prospectively defined treatment-resistant major depressive disorder. Venlafaxine XR was generally better tolerated than the augmentation strategies. Further investigation of venlafaxine XR as a preferred strategy for treatment-resistant geriatric depression is warranted.
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ABSTRACT: back pain, osteoarthritis, and neuropathic pain are frequently comorbid with depression. When comorbid, these condi- tions slow the treatment of each other, worsen physical and psychological disability, and increase caregiving burden. Anatomic, neurochemical, and psychological similarities lead to high rates of comorbidity. Anxiety, disordered sleep, fatigue, and cognitive impairment are frequent "cotravelers" with depression and pain in late life; these conditions re- quire vigilant screening and treatment. Psychiatrists should be familiar with current analgesic prescribing patterns and be able to effectively collaborate with primary care physicians and physical therapists to optimize treatment outcomes for patients with these complex problems. In this article we provide a review of the literature, an update on some of our own research in this area, and relevant clinical perspectives.
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To identify actionable predictors of remission to antidepressant pharmacotherapy in depressed older adults and to use signal detection theory to develop decision trees to guide clinical decision making. METHOD: We treated 277 participants with current major depression using open-label venlafaxine XR (up to 300 mg/day) for 12 weeks, in an NIMH-sponsored randomized, placebo-controlled augmentation trial of adjunctive aripiprazole. Multiple logistic regression and signal detection approaches identified predictors of remission in both completer and intent-to-treat samples. RESULTS: Higher baseline depressive symptom severity (odds ratio [OR]: 0.86, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.80-0.93; p <0.001), smaller symptom improvement during the first two weeks of treatment (OR: 0.96, 95% CI: 0.94-0.97; p <0.001), male sex (OR: 0.41 95% CI: 0.18-0.93; p = 0.03), duration of current episode ≥2 years (OR: 0.26, 95% CI: 0.12-0.57; p <0.001) and adequate past depression treatment (ATHF ≥3) (OR: 0.34, 95% CI: 0.16-0.74; p = 0.006) predicted lower probability of remission in the completer sample. Subjects with Montgomery Asberg (MADRS) decreasing by greater than 27% in the first 2 weeks and with baseline MADRS scores of less than 27 (percentile rank = 51) had the best chance of remission (89%). Subjects with small symptom decrease in the first 2 weeks with adequate prior treatment and younger than 75 years old had the lowest chance of remission (16%). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest the clinical utility of measuring pre-treatment illness severity and change during the first 2 weeks of treatment in predicting remission of late-life major depression.The American journal of geriatric psychiatry: official journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry 02/2013; 22(2). DOI:10.1016/j.jagp.2012.07.002 · 3.52 Impact Factor