Evidence against the hopping mechanism as an important electron transfer pathway for conformationally constrained oligopeptides
ABSTRACT The rate constant of intramolecular electron transfer through oligopeptides based on the alpha-aminoisobutyric acid residue was determined as a function of the peptide length and found to depend weakly on the donor-acceptor separation. By measuring the electron-transfer activation energy and estimating the energy gap between donor and bridge, we were able to discard the electron hopping mechanism.
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- "lowering of the barrier for electron transmission   . As a consequence , the peptides exhibiting the secondary structure with hydrogen bonded network should promote electron transfer more efficiently comparing to non-hydrogen bonded systems like polyprolines. "
ABSTRACT: We have investigated the efficiency of electron transmission through thiolated oligoproline derivatives of general formula: Cys-(Pro)(n)-CSA, where CSA is a cystamine linker and n=1-4. The conductance measurements were performed using STM-based molecular junction approach. We have noted that the conductance of the oligoprolines decays exponentially with increasing length of the molecules and the decay constant was 4.3 nm(-1). This indicates that electron transfer is dominated by superexchange mechanism. Based on this observation, we have concluded that the height of the barrier is affected by the specific conformation of the peptide backbone. Such conclusion is supported by the fact that the oligoprolines do not form intramolecular hydrogen bonds, which could provide alternative electron transfer pathways.Bioelectrochemistry (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 12/2011; 87:21-7. DOI:10.1016/j.bioelechem.2011.11.013 · 3.87 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The scope of photobiological processes that involve absorbers within a protein matrix may be limited by the vulnerability of the peptide group to attack by highly reactive redox centers consequent upon electronic excitation. We have explored the nature of this vulnerability by undertaking comprehensive product analyses of aqueous photolysates of 12 N-p-toluenesulfonyl peptides with systematically selected structures. The results indicate that degradation includes a major pathway that is initiated by intramolecular electron transfer in which the peptide bond serves as electron donor, and the data support the likelihood of a relay process in dipeptide derivatives.Photochemistry and Photobiology 01/2005; 81(6):1439-46. DOI:10.1562/2005-04-29-RA-507 · 2.68 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This feature article addresses several novel aspects regarding the peptide-mediated charge migrations, including: i) radical exchanges with tunable radical types (σ-radical versus π-radical) and electron-transfer (ET)-channel-tunable cooperative proton-coupled ET (PCET) mechanism, including hydrogen-atom transfer (HAT), single ET-channel PCET, double ET channel PCET, and channel-type-tunable (σ-channel versus π-channel) PCET; ii) hole hopping migration between the active groups in the side-chains and its controllability; iii) hole hopping through stepping-stones via a solvated “hole” form; and iv) electron hopping through positively charged groups as stepping-stones via a solvated electron state. In particular, the controllability of the ET channels (pathways and types) and solvated-“hole”/“electron”-based relay mechanisms are mainly mentioned. Clearly, this is an important addition to the well-documented mechanisms for charge migration in proteins. In view of the complexity of protein charge migration, further exploration on details of the stepping-stone-based relay mechanisms, by considering the properties and structures of the redox active centers, their intercalators, and the real surroundings, is still needed. Keywordspeptides-assisting charge migration-hole hopping mechanism-electron hopping mechanism-proton-coupled charge transfer-channel-tunable electron transferFrontiers of Chemistry in China 09/2010; 5(3):309-324. DOI:10.1007/s11458-010-0217-2