Article

Effects of interferon-alpha2b on hearing.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medical Faculty, Firat University, Elaziğ, Turkey.
International Journal of Audiology (Impact Factor: 1.43). 09/2004; 43(8):438-41.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of interferon-alpha2b treatment on hearing in patients with chronic active hepatitis B. Twenty-six patients with chronic active hepatitis B were enrolled in the study, and pure-tone audiometry was performed to determine hearing thresholds of the patients before and at the end of 6 months of interferon-alpha2b treatment. There was no significant change in hearing thresholds of patients after treatment with interferon-alpha2b (p>0.05). The results of the present study indicate that interferon-alpha2b therapy does not have any negative effect on hearing thresholds of patients with chronic active hepatitis B. There is a need for further studies involving larger numbers of patients to allow conclusions to be drawn regarding the safety of this therapy with respect to hearing.

0 Followers
 · 
66 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Some reports in the literature have linked interferon therapy for the treatment of hepatitis C (HCV) with hearing loss. The aim of this study has been to examine the effects of interferon therapy on hearing of patients treated for HCV. Patients were recruited according to preset inclusion criteria from two centers. All patients received standard dose pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN a-2b or a-2a) plus ribavirin (RBV). All patients had pure-tone audiometry (PTA), tympanogram and distortion-product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) before treatment, three months after initiation of treatment, and three months after completion of treatment. Twenty one patients were prospectively recruited. The mean age was 45.7 years. The male to female ratio was 1.1:1. The mean PTA was 15.9 ± 5.3 before treatment, 17.4 ± 6.1 during treatment and 16.5 ± 5.1 after treatment. The differences between pre and mid, pre and post, as well as mid and post were not significantly different (P>0.05) in all audiological assessments. Our results indicate that PEG-IFN\RBV therapy does not have any impact on the hearing thresholds of patients with HCV.
    Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology 03/2011; 17(2):114-8. DOI:10.4103/1319-3767.77240
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Previous studies reported that particular types of interferon medications might contribute to hearing loss in some patients. The package insert included in the original Food and Drug Administration application for intramuscular interferon beta-1a (Avonex) stated that some patients in the treatment group reported decreased hearing sensitivity. Objective: The purpose of the present investigation was to assess if individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) taking intramuscular interferon beta-1a have significantly poorer hearing thresholds than those not currently using any disease-modifying therapies. Methods: This was a secondary analysis of data collected as part of two larger studies evaluating auditory function in patients with MS. The goal of this analysis was to determine if users of interferon beta-1a do not have significantly worse hearing thresholds than nonusers of disease-modifying therapies, after adjusting for potential confounders. A linear mixed model was fit to the audiometric thresholds of our subjects. This model included interferon beta-1a use, MS disease subtype, gender, test frequency, age, disease duration (number of years), and the Expanded Disability Status Scale score. Results and Conclusions: With all subjects included, there is insufficient evidence to say that intramuscular interferon-beta 1a is not ototoxic (in relation to nonuse of a disease-modifying therapy) at all frequencies tested except 3000 and 6000 Hz. After removing two influential subjects, the results indicated that there is statistical support for no ototoxic effect of intramuscular interferon beta-1a at test frequencies from 250 to 6000 Hz. There is insufficient evidence, however, to rule out an ototoxic effect at 8000 Hz. Future studies should further evaluate the effect of interferon on auditory function in patients with MS. Neuroscience nurses should monitor their patients' hearing throughout the course of treatment.
    Journal of Neuroscience Nursing 12/2014; 46(6):351-60. DOI:10.1097/JNN.0000000000000096
  • Source