Biochemical and immunological characterization of pollen-derived beta-galactosidase reveals a new cross-reactive class of allergens among Mediterranean trees.
ABSTRACT The most potent allergens in the Spermatophytae family exhibit significant homology with enzymes. Some of these are though to be involved in pectin metabolism, recognition of compatible stigma and delivery of sperm cells to the ovule. Objective: To test if glycohydrolase activities from some Mediterranean tree pollens could act as allergens in sensitized hosts.
Freshly collected Cupressus and Olea pollens were investigated for their glycohydrolase activities by means of synthetic fluorogenic substrates and isoenzymes characterized by DEAE-cellulose ion-exchange chromatography. Binding of specific IgE was investigated by immunoblotting in 30 tree-sensitive subjects, as well as in 20 atopic non-tree-sensitive and 15 healthy controls. The enzymes were also adopted to stimulate proliferation of allergen-specific T cell clones. Finally, they were tested in vivo in a cutaneous immediate wheal and flare reaction.
beta-Galactosidase (beta-GAL) is present with different isoenzymatic patterns on both pollen extracts, could be recognized by circulating IgE, as well as immunoprecipitated by sera from allergic subjects. The enzyme could stimulate the proliferation of T cells from allergic subjects, and favor the emergence of CD4+ T cell clones with specific in vitro reactivity to beta-GAL. Finally, the enzyme induced in vivo a cutaneous wheal and flare reaction in clinically sensitive subjects.
Despite different isoenzymatic patterns, Olea-derived beta-GAL cross-reacted with that from cypress pollen, suggesting that these enzymatic glycoproteins may represent major native allergens among these Mediterranean trees.
Article: The biology of cypress allergy.Allergy 11/2002; 57(10):959-60. · 5.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Allergic rhinitis due to cypress pollen is a well-recognized clinical condition that is evermore frequently diagnosed as a winter allergy in the Mediterranean area. Little is known about the allergen composition of its pollen and the dynamics of its immune response. For these reasons IgE-specific antibody distribution was determined and the allergenic pollen characterized. SDS-PAGE analysis of the whole extract revealed more than ten proteic bands ranging from 10 to 90 kD. The major allergen had a molecular weight of 36 kD and the specific IgE antibody was presene in >95% of the sera tested by immunoblotting technique. Two minor allergens were observed at the 43 and 49 kd protein bands. The results obtained with the whole extract were then compared to those of five commercially available preparations.Aerobiologia 11/1992; 8(3):465-470. · 1.33 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A reduction of IgE immunoreactivity after periodate-treatment has been previously reported for various glycoprotein allergens. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of glycan moiety of a C. arizonica extract in the binding of patients' IgE and to identify the carbohydrates possibly involved. The reactivity of IgE with C. arizonica extract, before and after periodate-treatment, was evaluated by immunoblotting and ELISA inhibition. The specificity of carbohydrate-reactive IgE was evaluated by ELISA using unrelated glycoproteins with known sugar composition and structure, such as pineapple bromelain, honeybee venom phospholipase A2, and ovalbumin, before and after periodate treatment. When periodate-treated C. arizonica extract was probed after SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting with patients' IgE, no reactivity could be detected. Furthermore, a very poor inhibitory activity of the periodate-treated C. arizonica extract as compared with the untreated sample could be observed in the ELISA inhibition experiments performed using C. arizonica extract as antigen. When phospholipase A2 and bromelain were used as antigens in ELISA, they were recognized by patients' IgE, whereas ovalbumin was negative. Treatment of phospholipase A2 and bromelain with periodate completely abolishes the IgE reactivity. A large portion of the IgE reactivity of Cupressaceae-allergic subjects appears to be associated with sugar moieties of C. arizonica extract which appear to be shared by bromelain and phospholipase A2, thus suggesting that the IgE of patients reacting with such epitopes probably react with beta 1 --> 2 xylose, alpha 1 --> 3 fucose and/or alpha 1 --> 6 fucose.Clinical & Experimental Allergy 09/1999; 29(8):1087-94. · 4.79 Impact Factor