Expression of IAPs and alternative splice variants in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues and cells.
ABSTRACT IAPs (inhibitors of apoptosis proteins) might have a major role in the apoptotic resistance that marks many cancers. The studies on IAPs in human HCC have focused on survivin or XIAP, indicating that their new or increased expression in this tumor is associated with a more unfavorable prognosis. The present results corroborate these findings, emphasizing the role that the coordinated expression of different IAPs and alternative splice variants might play in the adverse biology of hepatocellular carcinoma.
Article: [Down-regulation of survivin in growth inhibition of hepatoma cells induced by a selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor].[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors reportedly inhibit the growth of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) via caspase-dependent or caspase-independent apoptosis, which is due to COX-2 being associated with hepatocarcinogenesis. Survivin is highly expressed in most human cancers, but the mechanism regulating survivin expression remains unclear. We investigated the regulatory expression of survivin in selective-COX-2-inhibitor-induced growth inhibition of hepatoma cells. After treatment with NS-398 (a selective COX-2 inhibitor) at various concentrations (10, 50, 100, 150, and 200 micrometer), the growth inhibition of Hep3B hepatoma cells was assessed by an MTT cell-viability assay, DNA fragmentation gel analysis, and flow cytometry. The expression of survivin transcript was analyzed by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reactions. NS-398 inhibited the growth of hepatoma cells by an amount dependent on the concentration and the time since treatment. Apoptotic DNA ladder and flow-cytometry shifting to the sub-G1 phase were revealed in NS-398-induced growth inhibition of hepatoma cells. NS-398 suppressed the expression of the survivin gene in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Survivin was down-regulated in the growth inhibition of hepatoma cells induced by a selective COX-2 inhibitor, NS-398, in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. These results suggest the therapeutic inhibition of COX-2 via suppression of survivin in HCC.The Korean Journal of Hepatology 10/2008; 14(3):351-9.