Urinary osteocalcin as a marker of bone metabolism.

Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Anatomy, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
Clinical Chemistry (Impact Factor: 7.15). 03/2005; 51(3):618-28. DOI: 10.1373/clinchem.2004.043901
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Osteocalcin (OC) is produced by osteoblasts during bone formation, and circulating OC has been used in clinical investigations as a marker of bone metabolism. OC is excreted into urine by glomerular filtration and can be found in urine as midmolecule fragments.
We developed and evaluated three immunoassays (U-MidOC, U-LongOC, and U-TotalOC) for the detection of various molecular forms of urine OC (U-OC). We evaluated the association of U-OC with other markers of bone turnover and with bone mass in 1044 elderly women and studied seasonal and circadian variation of U-OC.
U-OC correlated with other bone turnover markers [Spearman correlation (r), 0.30-0.57; P <0.0001], demonstrating the association between U-OC and skeletal metabolism. There was also a significant association between bone metabolism assessed by U-OC quartiles and bone mass assessed by total body bone mineral content (P <0.0001). The seasonal effects appeared to be rather small, but we observed a significant circadian rhythm similar to the one reported for serum OC with high values in the morning and low values in the afternoon.
The three immunoassays had unique specificities toward different naturally occurring U-OC fragments. U-OC concentrations measured with any of these assays correlated with bone turnover rates assessed by conventional serum markers of bone metabolism. The measurement of OC in urine samples could be used as an index of bone turnover in monitoring bone metabolism.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: One of the important challenges in the management of osteoporosis is to identify women who are at high risk of developing osteoporosis and fragility fractures. Our objective was to evaluate whether assessment of bone metabolism at multiple occasions can identify women with the highest risk for bone loss. The Malmö Osteoporosis Prospective Risk Assessment study is an ongoing longitudinal study. Participants have been evaluated at baseline and after 1, 3, and 5 yr. We conducted a population-based study. Participants included 1044 women, all 75 yr old at baseline. Seven bone turnover markers were assessed at baseline and at 1, 3, and 5 yr (n = 573). The 5-yr change in areal bone mineral density (aBMD) was also determined. Baseline markers correlated weakly to change in total body aBMD. The associations were more pronounced when the average of the baseline and 1-yr measurements was used (standardized regression coefficients -0.12 to -0.23, P < 0.01). Adding the 3-yr and 5-yr measurement further strengthened the correlation (regression coefficients up to -0.30, P < 0.001). Women with constantly high turnover lost significantly more bone at total body assessment (-2.6%) than women with intermediate (-1.6%) or low turnover (-0.2%, P for trend < 0.001). They also had a greater decrease in hip BMD (-8.3, -6.0, and -5.1%, respectively, P = 0.010). Results were similar also in the subgroup of women with osteopenia. Our results suggest that serial assessment of bone turnover improves the identification of women with the highest rate of bone loss and osteoporosis risk.
    Journal of Clinical Endocrinology &amp Metabolism 07/2008; 93(7):2622-32. · 6.43 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Preterm delivery (<37 weeks post-menstrual age) is associated with suboptimal bone mass. We hypothesized that tactile/kinesthetic stimulation (TKS), a form of infant massage that incorporates kinesthetic movement, would increase bone strength and markers of bone accretion in preterm infants. Preterm, AGA infants (29-32 weeks) were randomly assigned to TKS (N=20) or Control (N=20). Twice daily TKS was provided 6 days per week for 2 weeks. Control infants received the same care without TKS treatment. Treatment was masked to parents, health care providers, and study personnel. Baseline and week two measures were collected for tibial speed of sound (tSOS, m/sec), a surrogate for bone strength, by quantitative ultrasound (Sunlight8000) and urine markers of bone metabolism, pyridinium crosslinks and osteocalcin (U-MidOC and unOC). Infant characteristics at birth and study entry as well as energy/nutrient intake were similar between TKS and Control. TKS intervention attenuated the decrease in tSOS observed in Control infants (p<0.05). Urinary pyridinium crosslinks decreased over time in both TKS and CTL (p<0.005). TKS infants experienced greater increases in urinary osteocalcin (U-MidOC, p<0.001 and unOC, p<0.05). We conclude that TKS improves bone strength in premature infants by attenuating the decrease that normally follows preterm birth. Further, biomarkers of bone metabolism suggest a modification in bone turnover in TKS infants in favor of bone accretion. Taken together, we speculate that TKS improves bone mineralization.
    Bone 07/2012; 51(4):661-6. · 4.46 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Osteoporosis is a degenerative disease of the skeletal system, and its major complication is fracture that severely influences the living quality of the middle-aged and the aged. The purpose of this study was to investigate the significance of sex hormones and some biochemical indicators related to bone metabolism in the genesis and development of osteoporosis. The plasma samples were collected from 244 post-menopausal women of Xi'an urban area, and their plasma contents of testosterone, estradiol, calcitonin, osteocalcin and N-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen were detected by ELISA. The activity of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase was determined by spectrophotometric method, and the content of nitric oxide was measured by Griess method. Bone mineral density (BMD) in lumbar vertebrae (L1-L4) and hips was measured by QDR-2000 dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. The concentrations of the biochemical indicators were compared among the three groups (normal bone mass group, osteopenia group and osteoporosis group), and Pearson correlation analysis was used to verify the correlations between the indicators and BMD. The comparison results of blood biochemical indicators of BMD-based groups showed that the plasma contents of estradiol (P = 0.006), testosterone (P = 0.038) and calcitonin (P = 0.042) decreased more significantly in the osteoporosis group, but the content of osteocalcin (P = 0.008) increased significantly in osteoporosis group than those in the other groups. The correlation analysis between BMD of different parts and the blood biochemical indicators showed that there was a significant positive correlation between estradiol and the BMD of lumber vertebra (r = 0.200, P = 0.002), femoral neck (r = 0.160, P = 0.013), and great trochanter (r = 0.204, P = 0.001). Significant positive correlations between calcitonin and BMD of lumber vertebra (r = 0.166, P = 0.018) and femoral great trochanter (r = 0.152, P = 0.041), and between testosterone and BMD of femoral great trochanter (r = 0.158, P = 0.014) were also observed. In addition, there existed significant negative correlations between osteocalcin and BMD of lumber vertebra (r = -0.220, P = 0.001), femoral neck (r = -0.259, P < 0.000), and great trochanter (r = -0.221, P = 0.001), and between the activity of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase and BMD of femoral great trochanter (r = -0.135, P = 0.037). The partial correlation analysis also showed that there were significant correlations between estradiol (r = 0.160, P = 0.014), calcitonin (r = 0.240, P = 0.013), osteocalcin (r = -0.226, P = 0.023) and BMD when the influence of age was excluded. The Pearson correlation analysis of biochemical indicators showed there were positive correlations between the contents of testosterone and calcitonin, testosterone and osteocalcin, calcitonin and osteocalcin, calcitonin and PINP, calcitonin and NO, osteocalcin and NO, and PINP and NO, but negative correlations between the contents of testosterone and PINP, estradiol and calcitonin, estradiol and osteocalcin, and estradiol and NO. The blood contents of sex hormones and calcitonin significantly influence BMD and osteoporosis development, and the increase of osteocalcin contents could be used as a biomarker to indicate the degree of osteoporosis in post-menopausal women.
    Molecular Biology Reports 02/2011; 38(2):939-48. · 2.51 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 21, 2014

Kaisa Ivaska