Improved liquid chromatographic tandem mass spectrometric determination and pharmacokinetic study of glimepiride in human plasma.
ABSTRACT An improved liquid chromatographic tandem mass spectrometric method for the determination of glimepiride in human plasma has been developed and fully validated. The article describes in detail the bioanalytical procedure and summarizes the validation results obtained. The samples were extracted using liquid--liquid extraction with a mixture of 1-chlorobutane-isopropanol-ethyl acetate (88:2:10, v/v/v). The chromatographic separation was performed on a reversed-phase Hypersil ODScolumn (250 x 4.6 mm i.d.; 5 microm particle size) using a mobile phase consisting of formic acid 0.05 M-acetonitrile (28:72, v/v), pumped at a flow rate of 0.3 ml min(-1) heated to 25 degrees C. The analytes were detected using an API 3000 triple quadrupole mass spectrometer with positive electrospray ionization in multiple reaction monitoring mode. Tandem mass spectrometric detection enabled the quantitation of glimepiride down to 0.50 ng mL(-1). Calibration graphs were linear (r better than 0.998, n=1), in concentration range 0.50--1000 ng mL(-1), and the intra- and inter- day RSD values were less than 10.37 and 11.55% for glimepiride. The method was successfully applied to a kinetic study in order to assess the main pharmacokinetic parameters of glimepiride.