Improved liquid chromatographic tandem mass spectrometric determination and pharmacokinetic study of glimepiride in human plasma.
ABSTRACT An improved liquid chromatographic tandem mass spectrometric method for the determination of glimepiride in human plasma has been developed and fully validated. The article describes in detail the bioanalytical procedure and summarizes the validation results obtained. The samples were extracted using liquid--liquid extraction with a mixture of 1-chlorobutane-isopropanol-ethyl acetate (88:2:10, v/v/v). The chromatographic separation was performed on a reversed-phase Hypersil ODScolumn (250 x 4.6 mm i.d.; 5 microm particle size) using a mobile phase consisting of formic acid 0.05 M-acetonitrile (28:72, v/v), pumped at a flow rate of 0.3 ml min(-1) heated to 25 degrees C. The analytes were detected using an API 3000 triple quadrupole mass spectrometer with positive electrospray ionization in multiple reaction monitoring mode. Tandem mass spectrometric detection enabled the quantitation of glimepiride down to 0.50 ng mL(-1). Calibration graphs were linear (r better than 0.998, n=1), in concentration range 0.50--1000 ng mL(-1), and the intra- and inter- day RSD values were less than 10.37 and 11.55% for glimepiride. The method was successfully applied to a kinetic study in order to assess the main pharmacokinetic parameters of glimepiride.
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ABSTRACT: In this study, a simple method using microextraction by packed sorbent and high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection for simultaneous determination of chlorpropamide, gliclazide and glimepiride in human plasma was developed and validated. A fractional factorial design and a complete factorial design were applied to evaluate the parameters which could affect the extraction and desorption steps, respectively. All parameters in the extraction step (pH, sample volume, sample dilution and number of aspiration/ejection cycles) and in the desorption step (percentage of acetonitrile in the elution solvent and number of aspirations of elution solvent through the device) were statistically significant (p>0.05) when recovery was used as response. The developed method allowed the use of small volumes of sample and solvents and rapid separation by using a fused core column (only 2.2min were needed). This method was fully validated showing selectivity, precision, accuracy and linearity over the range 1.0-50.0μgmL(-1) for chlorpropamide, 1.0-10.0μgmL(-1) for gliclazide and 0.1-1.0μgmL(-1) for glimepiride. Finally, the validated method was applied in the analysis of samples from volunteers containing the three tested analytes.Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis 04/2014; 96C:241-248. · 2.45 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A sensitive and rapid ultra performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method was developed to determine bosentan (BOS) and glimepiride (GPD) in human plasma simultaneously. Chromatographic separation was carried out on an Acquity UPLC BEH C18 column and mass spectrometric analysis was performed using a QTrap5500 mass spectrometer coupled with an electro-spray ionization (ESI) source in the positive ion mode. The MRM transitions of m/z 552.0→202.1 and m/z 491.2→125.9 were used to quantify BOS and GPD, respectively. This assay method has been fully validated in terms of selectivity, linearity, recovery and matrix effect, accuracy, precision and stability. The linearity of this method was found to be within the concentration range of 5-1000ng/mL for BOS, and 2.5-500ng/mL for GPD in human plasma. Only 1.5min was needed for an analytical run. This assay was used to support a clinical study where multiple oral doses were administered to healthy Chinese subjects to investigate the pharmacokinetics of BOS and GPD.Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis 03/2014; 95C:207-212. · 2.45 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The rapid, sensitive, and selective liquid chromatography–electrospray ionization–tandem mass spectrometry method (LC–ESI-MS/MS) for the simultaneous estimation and pharmacokinetic investigation of glimepiride and pioglitazone in human plasma has been developed and fully validated. Glimepiride and pioglitazone, compounds which exert synergistic effects on blood glucose control, were investigated in human plasma using deuterium-labeled analogues as internal standards (IS). Liquid-liquid extraction was carried out on 0.2 mL of human plasma using ethyl acetate, and chromatographic separation was performed on an Agilent Eclipse plus C18 column (4.6 mm × 100 mm, 3.5 μm) using a mobile phase consisting of methanol-water-formic acid (95:5:0.1, v/v/v, plus 5 mM ammonium acetate) at a flow rate of 0.8 mL/min. To quantify glimepiride, pioglitazone and their IS, multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) transitions of m/z 491.2→352.2, m/z 496.2→357.2, m/z 357.2→134.2 and m/z 361.2→138.2 were performed in positive mode. The total run time was 3.0 min and the elution time was about 2.4 min. The method exhibited good separation of analytes, without interference from endogenous substances. The linear calibration curves were 0.2-250 ng/mL for glimepiride and 0.2-1250 ng/mL for pioglitazone; the lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) was 0.2 ng/mL for both analytes. Intra- and inter-day reproducibility was less than 10% for glimepiride and less than 5% for pioglitazone, with relative errors ranging from −8.00% to 2.80% at the three concentrations of analytes used for quality control (QC). The matrix effect was negligible and recoveries were similar for each analyte and its IS. Glimepiride and pioglitazone were found to be stable under the assay conditions and the method was successfully applied to the evaluation of pharmacokinetic studies of glimepiride and pioglitazone, following oral doses of 2 mg glimepiride tablets and 15 mg pioglitazone tablets to 16 healthy volunteersJournal of Chromatography B. 01/2014;