Article

Linking semantic priming effect in functional MRI and event-related potentials.

Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Aichi, 464-8601, Japan.
NeuroImage (Impact Factor: 6.13). 03/2005; 24(3):624-34. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.09.008
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The aim of this study is to examine the neural substrates involved in semantic priming using a combined event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and event-related potentials (ERP) study. Twelve subjects were instructed to judge whether the presented target word was a real word or a nonword. Under the related condition, target words were preceded by a semantically related prime word. On the other hand, under the unrelated condition, prime words did not have semantic relatedness with the target word. The reaction time for reaching a judgment was longer under the unrelated condition than under the related condition, indicating that the recognition of target words is promoted by semantic priming under the related condition. In the fMRI results, we found reduced activity in the dorsal and ventral left inferior frontal gyrus, the anterior cingulate, and left superior temporal cortex for related versus unrelated conditions (i.e., the repetition suppression effect). ERP analysis revealed that the amplitude of the N400 component was reduced under the related condition compared with the unrelated condition (i.e., the N400 priming effect). Correlation analysis between the BOLD repetition suppression effect and the N400 priming effect decomposed by independent component analysis (ICA) across subjects showed significant correlation in the left superior temporal gyrus. This finding is consistent with the recent MEG data suggesting that the source of N400 is judged to be the bilateral superior temporal lobe. We discussed this finding herein in relation to the modulation of access to the phonological representation caused by semantic priming.

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