Isolates of Pneumocystis jirovecii from Harare show high genotypic similarity to isolates from London at the superoxide dismutase locus.
ABSTRACT Pneumocystis jirovecii is the cause of Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) in humans. Isolates of P. jirovecii obtained from patients in Harare, Zimbabwe were genotyped at the superoxide dismutase locus. High genotypic similarity to isolates of P. jirovecii obtained from patients in London, UK was observed. These data provide additional support for the hypothesis that P. jirovecii is genetically indistinguishable in isolates from geographically diverse locations.
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ABSTRACT: Isolates of Pneumocystis jiroveci from sulfa-exposed and nonexposed patients from London, United Kingdom, and Harare, Zimbabwe, were genotyped. At the dihydropteroate synthase (DHPS) locus, there was evidence of selection pressure from sulfa drug exposure, and reversal of DHPS genotype ratios occurred when selection pressure was absent or was removed.Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 01/2004; 47(12):3979-81. · 4.57 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Sequence analysis of Pneumocystis jiroveci internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions has become an important epidemiological tool. The objectives of the present study were to investigate sequence variations in the ITS1-5.8S ribosomal DNA (rDNA)-ITS2 regions; determine the P. jiroveci genotypes present in Cape Town, South Africa; and resolve the lineage evolution of the types by use of the coalescent theory. ITS regions were amplified from samples collected from 19 patients. PCR products were cloned, and four to five clones were sequenced from each specimen. Statistical parsimony was applied for coalescence-based network genotype analysis. The most prevalent type was Eg (14 of 19 patients, 33 of 83 clones), followed by Gg (4 of 19 patients, 7 of 83 clones), Eu (3 of 19 patients, 5 of 83 clones), and Gh (2 of 19 patients, 2 of 83 clones). Four new combinations (Eo, Je, Ge, and No), 11 new ITS1 sequences, and 13 new ITS2 sequences were identified. A new ITS2 type was detected in three patients and was designated type u. Coinfection appeared to be common, with 15 of 19 patients harboring more than one type and with up to six types per specimen. The resultant parsimony network identified Eg as the most probable ancestral haplotype and supported the occurrence of recombinational events within the population studied. Although the 5.8S rDNA region revealed only 13 clones containing one to two nucleotide polymorphisms, it may assist in defining types. Coalescent theory proposed that Eg is an ancestral type from which microevolutionary subtypes radiate.Journal of Clinical Microbiology 05/2004; 42(4):1505-10. · 4.07 Impact Factor
Article: Microbial superoxide dismutases.Advances in genetics 02/1989; 26:65-97. · 4.85 Impact Factor