Prevalence of obesity in Turkey
ABSTRACT Obesity and overweight are increasing in Turkey according to the field surveys that were carried out a decade apart (TEKHARF 1990 and 2000). The overall prevalence of obesity in adults was 18.6% in the year 1990. Ten years later in 2000, the prevalence was 21.9%, which shows a relative increase rate of 17.7%. As it is true for most of the countries, overweight is more common in men and obesity is more prevalent among women in Turkey.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Volkan Demirhan Yumuk, Aug 25, 2015
- SourceAvailable from: Vilma Scarpino
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- "In Great Britain, over the last few years, 24% of adults were obese (Rennie and Jebb, 2005), in Spain 13–15% (Aranceta et al., 2003; Martinez et al., 2004; Neira and de Onis, 2005) and in Denmark 12% (Bendixen et al., 2004). Among other countries, in Turkey 22% were obese (Yumuk, 2005), in Russia 18% (Popkin and Doak, 1998; Arroyo et al., 2000), in Mexico 21% (Arroyo et al., 2000) and in Lebanon 16% (Sibai et al., 2003). Furthermore, in the USA, two in three adults had a BMI X25 kg/m 2 , and almost one in three X30 kg/m 2 (Flegal et al., 2002, 2004a; Freedman et al., 2002; Yanovski and Yanovski 2002; Manson and Bassuk, 2003; Hedley et al., 2004; Baskin et al., 2005). "
ABSTRACT: Overweight has been increasing in several developed countries over the last few decades. No update information on the issue is available for Italy. We conducted a computer assisted personal in-house interview survey in March-April 2004, on a sample of 2932 Italian individuals (1407 men and 1525 women) aged 18 years or over, representative of the general adult Italian population. Information on weight and height was self-reported. Overall, 3.4% of the Italian adult population were underweight (< 18.5 kg/m2, 0.9% of men and 5.8% of women), 31.3% were overweight (25.0-29.9 kg/m2, 38.4% of men, 24.7% of women), and 8.2% were obese (> or = 30.0 kg/m2, 7.4% of men and 8.9% of women). Overweight or obesity was reported by 14.2% of subjects aged 18-24 years (20.6% of men and 7.6% of women). The highest proportions of overweight and obese subjects were in the 45-64 year age group for men (51.4% overweight, 10.0% obese) and in the > or = 65 year age group for women (38.8% overweight, 13.8% obese). Age- and sex-standardised prevalence of overweight or obesity was 36.0% for more educated subjects, and 54.0% for less educated ones. It was 32.3% in northern, 44.3% in central and 47.0% in southern Italy. Overweight increased from 1983 to the early 1990s, and levelled off thereafter. Prevalence of obesity remained around 8-9% across the last 20 years. Trends of overweight and obesity in Italy are more favourable than in several developed countries. Still, approximately 15 million of Italian adults are overweight and 4 million obese.European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 11/2006; 60(10):1174-9. DOI:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602433 · 2.95 Impact Factor
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- "al., 2003) (Baskin, et. al., 2005) (Rennie, and Jebb, 2005) (Yumuk, 2005) (Rguibi, and Belahsen, 2004) Gostynski, et. al., 2004) (P<0.001) "
ABSTRACT: The study was performed on 110 female randomly selected among healthy inmates at the Women Jail in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the inmates nutrition status throughout anthropometrical and biochemical measurements including weights, heights and determining levels of total cholesterol, triglyceride, and hemoglobin in blood. The results reflected that Saudi inmates were nearly the highest, in body mass index and in both of cholesterol and triglycerides level, among inmates of deferent nationalities which could be related to their relatively higher staying time in prison. It was found that 62.7%, 19.1%, 8.2% and 33.6% of all studied inmates have abnormal level of body mass index, cholesterol, triglycerides and hemoglobin respectively. The study showed a statistically significant (0.01) positive relationship between the age of inmate and cholesterol level, and a statistically significant (0.05) positive relationship between the age of inmate and BMI and between length of staying in prison and both BMI and cholesterol level. Insignificant negative relationship was also observed between age and length of staying and both triglycerides and hemoglobin levels. The study recommended upgrading nutritional system adopted and applied in Saudi prisons to meet the nutritional requirements of inmates. Moreover, the study recommends the inclusion of physical exercises and health educational programs tailored to age and length of staying in jail, Further nutritional studies on prisons allover the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has been also suggested.
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ABSTRACT: Aim: In this study we investigated the increase in patient referral rates and diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) by asking three cardinal symptoms. Methods: Patients who applied with different complaints to the family practice out-patient clinic between 04.01.2003 and 10.31.2003 (n=413) consisted the study group and they, along with their spouses, were asked about three cardinal symptoms of OSAS. Control group consisted 451 age and sex matched out-patients who had applied before the initiation of the study. Symptom positive patients were referred to an ear-nose-throat specialist and a sleep disorders specialist. Polysomnography was performed if indicated. Student-t test and chi-square test were used as appropriate. Results: There were no significant differences between groups about age, sex and body mass index (BMI) values. Patients diagnosed as OSAS were predominantly males. The mean BMI values for each group were classified as overweight. The rate of referral in control group was significantly lower than the study group. Out of the 413 patients three (%0.7) were diagnosed as OSAS, five (%1.2) were diagnosed as simple snoring. One of the three patients diagnosed as OSAS was female and the other two were male. Conclusions: It is our conclusion that all patients in primary care settings should be screened for cardinal symptoms of OSAS in order to prevent further complications and improve their quality of life. We started routine screening of all patients for OSAS by using three cardinal symptoms in our primary care out-patient clinic.