Prevalence of obesity in Turkey

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, Istanbul University Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul, Turkey.
Obesity Reviews (Impact Factor: 8). 03/2005; 6(1):9-10. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2005.00172.x
Source: PubMed


Obesity and overweight are increasing in Turkey according to the field surveys that were carried out a decade apart (TEKHARF 1990 and 2000). The overall prevalence of obesity in adults was 18.6% in the year 1990. Ten years later in 2000, the prevalence was 21.9%, which shows a relative increase rate of 17.7%. As it is true for most of the countries, overweight is more common in men and obesity is more prevalent among women in Turkey.

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Available from: Volkan Demirhan Yumuk, Oct 03, 2015
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    • "However, obesity is one of the most modifiable risk factors in the aetiology of type 2 DM.[3233] The prevalence of obesity using BMI in this study was 27.4%, (males 22.3%; females 34.2%) which is higher than the figures reported by Bakari[34] in Northern Nigeria and Sabir[9] in North West Nigeria, but lower than the 30.4% found in a study by Baskin[35] in the United States of America, Rennie[36] in Great Britain and Yumuk[37] in Turkey. The higher BMI in females when compared to males in the present study corroborates findings in other studies.[934] "
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Obesity is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus which may be addressed by application of intensive lifestyle interventions. Thus, establishing normative values of anthropometric indices in our environment is crucial. This study aimed to determine normative values of anthropometric indices of nutrition among residents of Calabar. Materials and Methods: This cross sectional observational study recruited residents of Calabar aged between 15-79 years using a multistage sampling method. Trained research assistants collected socio-demographic data and did anthropometric measurements. Results: There were 645 (56.5%) males and 489 (43.1%) females. Males had significantly lower general adiposity and hip circumference (HC) than females while females had significantly lower waist circumference (WC) and waist hip ratio (WHR) than males. The WHR increased with age particularly among males. Body mass index (BMI) also increased with age in both males and females with a peak in the middle age bracket, followed by a decline among the elderly. The mean (SD) BMI was 27.7 (5.0) kg/m2. Males had a mean (SD) BMI of 27.0 (4.4) kg/m2, while females had a mean (SD) BMI of 28.5 (5.5) kg/m2 respectively. WC correlated positively and significantly with BMI and WHR in males and females. WHR correlated positively and significantly with BMI in males and females. Conclusion: There are positive linear inter relationships between the indices of nutrition which is strongest between WC and BMI. In view of the strong independent association of DM with indices of nutrition, it is appropriate to derive normal cut-off values for WC, WHR and BMI nationally.
    05/2014; 18(3):386-93. DOI:10.4103/2230-8210.131196
    • "We found that the number of abnormal values in GDM women had no effect on foetal weight in terms of macrosomia (over 4000 g) or low birthweight (lower than 2500 g). This may be related to ethnical, dietary, nutritional differences and having lesser obesity problem in Turkish population28. Another explanation may be treatment compliance. In most of the cases, dietary therapy was enough for regulation of blood glucose, but in some insulin treatment was used. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background & objectives: To examine the effect of abnormal oral glucose loading (OGL) and number of abnormal oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) values on foetal weight in Turkish pregnant women. Methods: This retrospective study included 810 pregnant women between 24 and 28 wk of gestation who were screened for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Women were grouped according to degree of glucose intolerance and compared for clinical, biochemical parameters. Women who delivered macrosomic infants were compared with those who delivered normal infants. Results: GDM was detected in 70 (8.6%) women. Median age and infant birthweight of GDM cases were higher than the other groups. Infants of women with GDM weighted 200 g more than infants of non-GDM cases. No difference was found in terms of birthweight between diabetes cases with 2, 3 or 4 OGTT values abnormality. Interpretation & conclusions: The number of abnormal OGTT values in GDM cases had no effect on foetal weight. Macrosomia was observed more in GDM cases than in non-GDM cases. Birthweight was significantly higher in women with GDM despite the therapy used for regulation of blood glucose. This may be related to ethnical, dietary, nutritional differences, and treatment compliance in our study population.
    The Indian Journal of Medical Research 01/2013; 137(1):95-101. · 1.40 Impact Factor
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    • "As a transitional society, obesity figures in Turkey have also shown an increase in the past three decades in both adults and children. Obesity trends of adults in Turkey clearly demonstrate a significant increase, from 16.4% in year 1990 to 32% in year 2000 (2). There is no nationwide systematic study investigating the obesity trends in Turkish children. "
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    ABSTRACT: As a transitional society, rapid changes have occurred in the social, economic, nutritional and lifestyle aspects of the Turkish population over the last three decades. As a result, the prevalence of overweight and obesity has shown a dramatic increase in the adult Turkish population, reaching figures as high as 30-40%. Although there is no nationwide figure regarding the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Turkish children and adolescents, several local studies performed between 2000 and 2010 in different regions of the country have demonstrated varying prevalence rates of 10.3%-17.6% and 1.9%-7.8% for overweight and obesity, respectively, in children aged 6-16 years. The differences in the figures obtained in these regions are thought to be due to variations in the subject sampling. The figures appear to vary depending on residential (urban vs. rural) and economic conditions. Belonging to a high-income family, living in a large city, having obese parents, being of high birthweight, consuming sugar-sweetened beverages (soft drinks, juice drinks, etc.), and spending time in front of TV and PC were identified as the most common risk factors. Complications and co-morbidities of obesity have also started to appear in our pediatric population. Metabolic syndrome, diagnosed according to the International Diabetes Federation criteria, was found in 2.3% of Turkish schoolchildren aged 10-19 years. This rate was 28% in obese children. Preventive public measures have started to be implemented by the State and other bodies to control the rising trends in obesity. Conflict of interest:None declared.
    Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology 03/2012; 4(1):1-7. DOI:10.4274/jcrpe.506
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