A UK perspective on the development of marine ecosystem indicators

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, Londinium, England, United Kingdom
Marine Pollution Bulletin (Impact Factor: 2.99). 02/2005; 50(1):9-19. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2004.10.028
Source: PubMed


This paper reviews the suite of marine ecosystem indicators currently in use or under development in the UK to support the major national and international biodiversity and ecosystem policies. Indicators apply to a range of different ecosystem components, and range from those that can only be used for high level environmental health monitoring, to those which actively support management. Assessment of indicators against a management framework of driving force, pressure, state, impact and response, has shown that there are many indicators of state for ecosystem components, but relatively few for pressure of human activities on the environment, or of the socio-economic response to those pressures. This outcome, a result of unplanned sectorally driven indicator development, is not a co-ordinated contribution to marine environmental management and must be addressed if we are to avoid high monitoring costs and duplication of effort.

    • "Each of these initiatives requires developing and adopting objectives and quantitative indicators both as aims for management but also as a means of determining when management has been successful (e.g. Rogers and Greenaway, 2005; Aubry and Elliott, 2006). Hence, these initiatives reflect the objectives created here for habitat restoration (Table 5). "
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    ABSTRACT: Explains the workings of an estuarine ecosystem, quantifies the human impact on those processes, and proposes ecohydrology solutions. New/Changes to this edition • Each chapter has been updated with the latest scientific knowledge and case studies from the last 8 years since the 1st edition book was published. • Professor Mike Elliott has joined Professor Eric Wolanski as a co-author and helps to expand the ecological and management aspects, thus complementing the hydrophysical and hydroecological aspects. • The chapters on the estuarine ecosystem functioning and on the practical solutions— what works and what does not work in managing and/or restoring estuaries—have been almost totally rewritten. • The book provides several new syntheses, including those on the ecology of muddy estuaries, estuarine fish, habitat creation, eco-engineering and biodiversity offsets, and on the considerations involved in determining the health of the estuary. Estuarine Ecohydrology, Second Edition, provides an ecohydrology viewpoint of an estuary as an ecosystem by focusing on its principal components: the river, the estuarine waters, the sediment, the nutrients, the wetlands, the oceanic influence, and the aquatic food web—as well as models of the health of an estuary ecosystem. Estuaries, the intersection of freshwater and coastal ecosystems, exhibit complex physical and biological processes which must be understood in order to sustain and restore them when necessary. Only after understanding an estuary as an ecosystem can the scientist confidently propose ecohydrology solutions for managing the estuary in an ecologically sustainable manner. This process leads to solutions beyond the purely technical. This book demonstrates how (based on an understanding of the processes controlling estuarine ecosystem health) one can quantify the estuary’s ability to cope with human stresses. The theories, models, and real-world solutions presented will serve as a toolkit for designing a management plan for the ecologically sustainable development of an estuary.
    second 08/2015; Elsevier., ISBN: 9780444633989
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    • "The changes in these conditions usually have environmental and economic impacts on ecosystems such as altered biodiversity or reduced resource availability, and ultimately on social and economic features of the society and human health as well. A set of appropriated societal and policy makers' prioritizations affecting any part of the chain between the drivers and the impacts can reduce undesired impacts (Rogers and Greenaway, 2005; Kristensen, 2004; Gabrielsen and Bosch, 2003). "
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    ABSTRACT: This paper illustrates an index-based coastal risk assessment that was performed on a micro-tidal alluvial plain taking into account the relative sea level rise (RSLR) for the evaluation of coastal vulnerability and exposure. This process took into account both the inundation of inshore land and the beach retreat due to storm surge, calculated on the basis of geomorphological data (bathymetry, sedimentology and beach width) and wave climate. The evaluation process was conceived with reference to a low and high hazard, associated with a wave storm with 1 year and 50 years return period. For the latter case, the response to RSLR was calculated taking into account both isostatic response and ice cap melting due to global warming, while the vertical land movement was assessed taking into account the different its rates in the northern and southern coastal area. The exposure and the damage of the coastal assets were evaluated with a simplified conceptual framework, which uses land cover data and a statistical population dataset.
    Ocean & Coastal Management 12/2014; Volume 104(February 2015):22–35. DOI:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2014.11.015 · 1.75 Impact Factor
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    • "This is fundamental to environmental management based on ecosystem approach, as suggested by several authors (e.g. Turner et al., 1998; Rapport et al.,1998; Rogers and Greenaway., 2005; Elliot et al., 2006; Atkins et al., 2011; de Jonge et al., 2012; Kelble et al., 2013). "
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    ABSTRACT: The applications of the Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) framework were reviewed for several Social-Ecological Systems (SES), with an emphasis on the coastal environment. The evolution of DPSIR was traced from the Stress-Response framework to its present form. Discrepancies in the definitions of the DPSIR's information categories are presented. The application of the framework was explored both as a discrete tool and combined with other methods for different coastal and estuarine systems and biodiversity. The overall merits and limitations of the DPSIR framework are discussed in a critique. Several recommendations are suggested for refining the framework to overcome its limitations. Finally it is concluded that an updated DPSIR framework is a useful adaptive management tool for analyzing and identifying solutions to environmental problems.
    Ocean & Coastal Management 11/2014; 103. DOI:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2014.11.013 · 1.75 Impact Factor
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