Article

A UK perspective on the development of marine ecosystem indicators

Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (CEFAS), Lowerstoft Laboratory, Pakefield Road, Lowestoft, Suffolk NR32 4PD, United Kingdom.
Marine Pollution Bulletin (Impact Factor: 2.79). 02/2005; 50(1):9-19. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2004.10.028
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This paper reviews the suite of marine ecosystem indicators currently in use or under development in the UK to support the major national and international biodiversity and ecosystem policies. Indicators apply to a range of different ecosystem components, and range from those that can only be used for high level environmental health monitoring, to those which actively support management. Assessment of indicators against a management framework of driving force, pressure, state, impact and response, has shown that there are many indicators of state for ecosystem components, but relatively few for pressure of human activities on the environment, or of the socio-economic response to those pressures. This outcome, a result of unplanned sectorally driven indicator development, is not a co-ordinated contribution to marine environmental management and must be addressed if we are to avoid high monitoring costs and duplication of effort.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
126 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The applications of the Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) framework were reviewed for several Social-Ecological Systems (SES), with an emphasis on the coastal environment. The evolution of DPSIR was traced from the Stress-Response framework to its present form. Discrepancies in the definitions of the DPSIR's information categories are presented. The application of the framework was explored both as a discrete tool and combined with other methods for different coastal and estuarine systems and biodiversity. The overall merits and limitations of the DPSIR framework are discussed in a critique. Several recommendations are suggested for refining the framework to overcome its limitations. Finally it is concluded that an updated DPSIR framework is a useful adaptive management tool for analyzing and identifying solutions to environmental problems.
    Ocean & Coastal Management 11/2014; 103. DOI:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2014.11.013 · 1.77 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper illustrates an index-based coastal risk assessment that was performed on a micro-tidal alluvial plain taking into account the relative sea level rise (RSLR) for the evaluation of coastal vulnerability and exposure. This process took into account both the inundation of inshore land and the beach retreat due to storm surge, calculated on the basis of geomorphological data (bathymetry, sedimentology and beach width) and wave climate. The evaluation process was conceived with reference to a low and high hazard, associated with a wave storm with 1 year and 50 years return period. For the latter case, the response to RSLR was calculated taking into account both isostatic response and ice cap melting due to global warming, while the vertical land movement was assessed taking into account the different its rates in the northern and southern coastal area. The exposure and the damage of the coastal assets were evaluated with a simplified conceptual framework, which uses land cover data and a statistical population dataset.
    Ocean & Coastal Management 12/2014; Volume 104(February 2015):22–35. DOI:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2014.11.015 · 1.77 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Marine Ecology Progress Series 07/2011; 434:201-202. DOI:10.3354/meps0279 · 2.64 Impact Factor

Preview

Download
1 Download
Available from