Article

A UK perspective on the development of marine ecosystem indicators

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, Londinium, England, United Kingdom
Marine Pollution Bulletin (Impact Factor: 2.79). 02/2005; 50(1):9-19. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2004.10.028
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This paper reviews the suite of marine ecosystem indicators currently in use or under development in the UK to support the major national and international biodiversity and ecosystem policies. Indicators apply to a range of different ecosystem components, and range from those that can only be used for high level environmental health monitoring, to those which actively support management. Assessment of indicators against a management framework of driving force, pressure, state, impact and response, has shown that there are many indicators of state for ecosystem components, but relatively few for pressure of human activities on the environment, or of the socio-economic response to those pressures. This outcome, a result of unplanned sectorally driven indicator development, is not a co-ordinated contribution to marine environmental management and must be addressed if we are to avoid high monitoring costs and duplication of effort.

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    • "The changes in these conditions usually have environmental and economic impacts on ecosystems such as altered biodiversity or reduced resource availability, and ultimately on social and economic features of the society and human health as well. A set of appropriated societal and policy makers' prioritizations affecting any part of the chain between the drivers and the impacts can reduce undesired impacts (Rogers and Greenaway, 2005; Kristensen, 2004; Gabrielsen and Bosch, 2003). "
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    Ocean & Coastal Management 12/2014; Volume 104(February 2015):22–35. DOI:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2014.11.015 · 1.77 Impact Factor
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    • "This is fundamental to environmental management based on ecosystem approach, as suggested by several authors (e.g. Turner et al., 1998; Rapport et al.,1998; Rogers and Greenaway., 2005; Elliot et al., 2006; Atkins et al., 2011; de Jonge et al., 2012; Kelble et al., 2013). "
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    • "Therefore , the current challenge is to understand the conditions and mechanisms that cause the loss of habitats, with particular emphasis on lesser known areas of the world, especially those located in the southern hemisphere, in order to prevent future declines in biodiversity (Connell et al., 2008). These conditions imply an urgent need to provide subsidies for the development of tools that contribute to the management of human activities that impact the marine environment, especially in regions still under-developed , providing indicators that measure the extent of the impact at different scales (Rogers and Greenaway, 2005). To address this need, the present study aimed to compare both structure and composition of rocky shore intertidal phytobenthic communities in pristine like and urbanized environments in southern Brazil, where urban areas have experienced a sharp growth process in the past few decades. "
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