Rehospitalisation after birth hospitalisation: patterns among infants of all gestations
ABSTRACT To analyse rehospitalisation of newborns of all gestations.
A total of 33,276 surviving infants of all gestations born between 1 October 1998 and 31 March 2000 at seven Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program (KPMCP) delivery services were studied retrospectively.
Rehospitalisation rates within two weeks after nursery discharge ranged from 1.0% to 3.7%. The most common reason for rehospitalisation was jaundice. Among babies > or =34 weeks, the most important factor with respect to rehospitalisation was use of home phototherapy. Among babies who were not rehospitalised for jaundice, African-American race (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 0.56), and having a scheduled outpatient visit (AOR = 0.73) or a home visit (AOR = 0.59) within 72 hours after discharge were protective. Factors associated with increased risk were: being small for gestational age (AOR = 1.83), gestational age of 34-36 weeks without admission to the neonatal intensive care unit (AOR = 1.65), Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology, version II, > or =10 (AOR = 1.95), male gender (AOR = 1.24), having both a home as well as a clinic visit within 72 hours after discharge (AOR = 1.84), and birth facility (range of AORs = 1.52-2.36). Asian race was associated with rehospitalisation (AOR = 1.49) when all hospitalisations were considered, but this association did not persist if hospitalisations for jaundice were excluded.
In this insured population with access to integrated care, rehospitalisation rates for jaundice were strongly affected by availability of home phototherapy and by follow up. For other causes, moderate prematurity and follow up visits played a large role, but variation between centres persisted even after controlling for multiple factors. Future research should include development of better process measures for evaluation of follow up strategies.
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ABSTRACT: The majority of newborns are exclusively breastfed during the birth hospitalization, and weight loss is nearly universal for these neonates. The amount of weight lost varies substantially among newborns with higher amounts of weight loss increasing risk for morbidity. No hour-by-hour newborn weight loss nomogram exists to assist in early identification of those on a trajectory for adverse outcomes. For 161 471 term, singleton neonates born at ≥36 weeks' gestation at Northern California Kaiser Permanente hospitals in 2009-2013, data were extracted from the birth hospitalization regarding delivery mode, race/ethnicity, feeding type, and weights from electronic records. Quantile regression was used to create nomograms stratified by delivery mode that estimated percentiles of weight loss as a function of time among exclusively breastfed neonates. Weights measured subsequent to any nonbreastmilk feeding were excluded. Among this sample, 108 907 newborns had weights recorded while exclusively breastfeeding with 83 433 delivered vaginally and 25 474 delivered by cesarean. Differential weight loss by delivery mode was evident 6 hours after delivery and persisted over time. Almost 5% of vaginally delivered newborns and >10% of those delivered by cesarean had lost ≥10% of their birth weight 48 hours after delivery. By 72 hours, >25% of newborns delivered by cesarean had lost ≥10% of their birth weight. These newborn weight loss nomograms demonstrate percentiles for weight loss by delivery mode for those who are exclusively breastfed. The nomograms can be used for early identification of neonates on a trajectory for greater weight loss and related morbidities. Copyright © 2015 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.Pediatrics 01/2015; 135(1):e16-23. DOI:10.1542/peds.2014-1532 · 5.30 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objective To describe use of the emergency department (ED) among late preterm versus term infants enrolled in a home visiting program and to determine whether home visiting frequency was associated with outcome differences.DesignRetrospective, cohort study.SettingRegional home visiting program in southwest Ohio from 2007–2010.ParticipantsLate preterm and term infants born to mothers enrolled in home visiting. Program eligibility requires ≥ one of four characteristics: unmarried, low income, < 18 years, or suboptimal prenatal care.Methods Data were derived from vital statistics, hospital discharges, and home visiting records. Negative binomial regression was used to determine association of ED visits in the first year with late preterm birth and home visit frequency, adjusting for maternal and infant characteristics.ResultsOf 1,804 infants, 9.2% were born during the late preterm period. Thirty-eight percent of all infants had at least one ED visit, 15.6% had three or more. No significant difference was found between the number of ED visits for late preterm and term infants (39.4% vs. 37.8% with at least one ED visit, p = .69). In multivariable analysis, late preterm birth combined with a maternal mental health diagnosis was associated with an ED incident rate ratio (IRR) of 1.26, p = .03; high frequency of home visits was not significant (IRR = .92, p = .42).Conclusions Frequency of home visiting service over the first year of life is not significantly associated with reduced ED visits for infants with at-risk attributes and born during the late preterm period. Research on how home visiting can address ED use, particularly for those with prematurity and maternal mental health conditions, may strengthen program impact and cost benefits.Journal of Obstetric Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing 01/2015; 44(1). DOI:10.1111/1552-6909.12538 · 1.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: En los últimos años se ha incrementado considerablemente en el mundo el número de nacidos pretérmino (< 37 semanas). El avance en las terapias prenatal (corticoides) y posnatal (surfactante) ha contribuido a mejorar sensiblemente el pronóstico de estos niños. Como consecuencia de ello, los obstetras estamos desplazando con cierta inconsciencia la barrera de la prematuridad a la 34.a semana de gestación, con el consiguiente incremento de la prematuridad iatrogénica no siempre valorada en su justa medida.En ocasiones olvidamos que el embarazo en la especie humana dura como media 40 semanas y que, a lo largo de todo este periodo, se está produciendo el desarrollo morfológico y funcional de todos los órganos. Este proceso no finaliza en la semana 34.a, ni siquiera en la 37.a. Es cierto que esta maduración puede alcanzarse extrauterinamente pero está demostrado que ello no se produce de igual modo que dentro del seno materno.Debemos ser conscientes y actuar en consecuencia, ya que estos nacidos prematuros de más de 34 semanas, incluso los nacidos entre las 37.a y 39.a semanas, presentan morbilidad significativa, e incluso tienen incrementada la mortalidad perinatal.Progresos de Obstetricia y Ginecología 02/2012; 55(2):94-99. DOI:10.1016/j.pog.2011.12.001