Levels and Distribution of Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers in Water, Surface Sediments, and Bivalves from the San Francisco Estuary

San Francisco Estuary Institute, Oakland, California 94621, USA.
Environmental Science and Technology (Impact Factor: 5.33). 02/2005; 39(1):33-41. DOI: 10.1021/es048905q
Source: PubMed


Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were found in water, surface sediments, and bivalve samples that were collected from the San Francisco Estuary in 2002. sigmaPBDE concentrations in water samples ranged from 3 to 513 pg/ L, with the highest concentrations found in the Lower South Bay (range 103-513 pg/L) region, which receives approximately 26% of the Estuary's wastewater treatment plant effluents. The sigmaPBDEs in sediments ranged from below detection limits to 212 ng/g dry wt, with the highest concentration found at a South Bay station (212 ng/g dry wt), which was up to 3 orders of magnitude higher than other stations. The sigmaPBDE concentrations ranged from 9 to 64 ng/g dry wt in oysters (Crassostrea gigas), from 13 to 47 ng/g dry wt in mussels (Mytilus californianus), and from 85 to 106 ng/g dry wt in clams (Corbicula fluminea). Only three PBDE congeners were detected in bivalves, BDE-47, BDE-99, and BOE-100; these are the most bioaccumulative congeners from the commercial Penta-BDE mixture.

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