Primary carcinoid tumor of prostate presenting with bone marrow metastases.
ABSTRACT Primary carcinoid tumor of the prostate is a rare tumor derived from the amine precursor uptake and decarboxylation cells of the prostate. We report a case of a 71-year-old man who presented with progressive anemia due to bone marrow metastases from primary carcinoid tumor of the prostate. No other metastasis was found clinically. This pattern of metastasis is very unusual and illustrates that carcinoid tumor of the prostate may metastasize distantly without locoregional lymph node involvement. This unique case highlights the need for a multidisciplinary approach to the evaluation of a metastatic carcinoid tumor of an unknown primary and that it should include the prostate.
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ABSTRACT: Small cell carcinoma of the prostate is a rare neoplasm, with only a few series hitherto reported. A little less than half of the cases are associated with conventional acinar adenocarcinoma, which are usually high grade. Although consensus has not been reached, the majority of patients with small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the prostate have advanced disease at diagnosis and disproportionally low PSA levels compared to patients with conventional acinar adenocarcinoma. Treatment consists mainly of chemotherapy associated with surgery. Radiation therapy is reserved for selected cases. This study reviews the most up-to-date information on small cell carcinomas of the prostate.08/2011; 2011:543272. DOI:10.1155/2011/543272
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ABSTRACT: Carcinoid tumors are neuroendocrine neoplasms derived from enterochromaffin cells. Skeletal metastases from carcinoid tumors are considered to be extremely rare. In this study, we present two cases of carcinoid tumors that metastasized to the bone. Furthermore, we review 50 published case reports and reveal the features of skeletal metastasis of carcinoid tumors. The first case involved a 59-year-old man with a history of multiple metastases of a lung carcinoid tumor. The patient complained of back pain and numbness in the lower limbs. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed metastases in the thoracic spine. A spinal decompression was performed and the symptoms were resolved. The second case involved a 74-year-old man had been diagnosed with a lung carcinoid tumor 15 years previously and complained of left thigh pain. A radiograph showed osteolytic lesions in the shaft of the left femur. We repaired the femur using an intramedullary nail following curettage of the tumor. A radiograph of the femur revealed a callus on the pathological fracture. The patient was able to walk using a crutch 3 months after surgery. We reviewed 50 cases that described skeletal metastasis from carcinoid tumors. The average age of the patients was 54.9 years and 33 patients (66%) were male. The most common site of skeletal metastasis was the spine. We also investigated the survival rate of patients who developed skeletal metastasis from carcinoid tumors. The findings showed that survival of patients who developed osteolytic skeletal metastasis was worse than that of patients who developed osteosclerotic skeletal metastasis.Oncology letters 05/2012; 3(5):1105-1108. DOI:10.3892/ol.2012.622 · 0.99 Impact Factor
Article: Pathology Update for Urologists09/2011; 2011:183761. DOI:10.1155/2011/183761