Deteriorative effect of smoking on target lesion revascularization after implantation of coronary stents with diameter of 3.0 mm or less.
ABSTRACT Although smoking cessation is widely encouraged because of the associated risk of cardiovascular events, the impact of smoking on target lesion revascularization (TLR) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is controversial. Therefore, the present study retrospectively investigated the effect of smoking on TLR after plain-old balloon angioplasty (POBA; n=376) and stenting (STENT; n=434) in patients undergoing secondary coronary angiography at a single center.
A smoker was defined as current smoking or quitting within 2 years of the first PCI. In the POBA group, the predictors for TLR, as calculated by multiple logistic regression analysis, were a complex type of lesion (p<0.0001) and the left anterior descending artery (LAD) as affected vessel (p<0.05). In the STENT group, the predictors were the final % diameter of stenosis after stenting, measured by quantitative coronary arteriography (p<0.0005), LAD (p<0.01), and smoking (p=0.049). When the STENT group was divided into 2 groups according to the diameter of the implanted stent, smoking was a predictive factors for TLR in the group that received relatively small stents (diameter < or =3.0 mm) (p<0.02), but not in the group that received larger stents (diameter > or =3.5 mm).
Smoking has a deteriorative effect on TLR after implantation of relatively small coronary stents with a diameter of 3.0 mm or less.
- Circulation Journal - CIRC J. 01/2007; 71(3):418-422.
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ABSTRACT: HypothesisThis study was designed to investigate the clinical and angiographic features and procedural outcomes of small-vessel stenting in a real-world experience during the transition era between drug-eluting stents (DES) and bare-metal stents (BMS).Methods Using one of the largest single-institutional cohorts, this study evaluated all patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from 2002 through 2005. Analysis was restricted to patients receiving a single stent or undergoing balloon-only angioplasty in a single anatomic site. Small-vessel stents (SVS) were defined as 2.00 to 2.75 mm and large-vessel stents (LVS) as 3.00 to 4.00 mm in diameter.ResultsA total of 19 580 stents were placed in 10 396 patients. Of 6208 patients fulfilling inclusion criteria, 1630 (26.3%) received SVS, and 4578 (73.7%) received LVS. The SVS group had more female (35.5% vs 26.3%, P < .001) and diabetic patients (27.9% vs 24.2%, P < .003) than the LVS group. Compared with LVS, SVS lesions were shorter (14.5 ± 5.8 mm vs 15.7 ± 6.4 mm, P < .0001) and more complex (66% vs 53% class B2/C lesions, P = .041). Indicators of procedural difficulty, including greater contrast volume, number of devices, total inflation time, and fluoroscopy time, were more commonly observed in the SVS group. After adjustment for confounding factors, the incidence of small treatment vessel diameter was significantly higher among the DES vs the BMS group (odds ratio [OR]: = 1.94, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.56–2.36).Conclusions In addition to identifying distinct patient, lesion, and procedural performance characteristics, our study, one of the largest single-center experiences in small-vessel PCI, suggests that the availability of DES substantially increased the use of SVS, as opposed to balloon-only angioplasty, in this anatomically challenging setting. Copyright © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.Clinical Cardiology 04/2009; 32(6):E39 - E44. · 1.83 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Many military veterans in the United States with coronary artery disease continue to smoke despite undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Previous studies have described improved cardiovascular outcomes in smokers, the so-called "smokers' paradox." In this study, we examined the effects of smoking on cardiovascular outcomes following PCI. HYPOTHESIS: Do patients who smoke have different post-PCI outcomes than nonsmokers? METHODS: All patients who underwent PCI at a single US Veterans Administration hospital from 2004 to 2009 were followed. Outcomes of interest included myocardial infarction, unplanned coronary intervention, unplanned cardiac hospitalization, death, and a composite of events for 6 months after PCI. Changes in traditional risk factors were also assessed. RESULTS: Unadjusted analysis revealed that in almost all categories, smokers had lower incidence of adverse events than nonsmokers. However, after adjusting for the older age of the nonsmokers, no favorable statistical trend toward smokers was seen. Significant improvement in blood pressure and lipid levels were seen in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: After adjusting for differences in age, there did not appear to be any protective effect of smoking on cardiovascular outcomes following PCI. Smokers achieved similar degrees of risk factor optimization during the follow-up period as their nonsmoker counterparts. Aggressive efforts to decrease the prevalence of smoking must be maintained.Clinical Cardiology 05/2013; · 1.83 Impact Factor