This study examines the relationship between objective and subjective measures of social support with recovery from serious mental illness; recovery has been described as both an outcome state and an ongoing process. One hundred and seventy six people with serious mental illness completed the Recovery Assessment Scale, a process measure of recovery that assessed, among other factors, personal confidence, goal orientation, and non-domination by symptoms. They also were administered the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, a semi-structured interview that assesses psychiatric symptom and represents recovery as an outcome. Finally, research participants completed the Social Network Scale, which assessed size of the overall network plus such important subnetworks as family, friends, and health professionals. The SNS also provided measures of the perceived satisfaction with, mutuality in, and obligation towards individuals in their support network. Results showed people with larger overall network size and more network satisfaction were likely to report higher factors on the Recovery Assessment Scale. For the most part, network size and satisfaction was not significantly associated with psychiatric symptoms. Implications of these findings for better understanding the association between social support and recovery are discussed.
"– Positive relations with others represent the capacity to develop and maintain warm, affectionate, and trusting human relationships – a criterion of maturity. Individuals who are able to feel affection for others, who are empathetic and capable of maintaining durable friendships attain their human potential much easier and recover at a faster pace (Corrigan & Phelan, 2004). – Autonomy is the individual's ability to function free from the influence and control of others, to regulate emotions and behavior from within. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study examined the factorial validity and reliability (Omega(w)) of the nonreversed, 44-item version of Ryff's Psychological Well-Being Scale (PWBS; Ryff, 1989) on a Romanian convenience sample of 664 participants from the general population. The results showed that the correlated six-factor model presented a relatively good fit, chi(2)(887) = 2922.85, p < .001, RMSEA = .059, RMSEA 90% CI = [.056; .062], SRMR = .048, CFI = .973, compared to single-factor and independent six-factor models. Based on the Delta CFI value, we found no significant differences between the correlated six-factor and the hierarchical model. Although the correlated six-factor model had a relatively good fit, the high correlations between the six latent factors suggest a high overlap among them. Our results indicate that well-being can be conceptualized as a second-order factor encompassing six dimensions, represented by autonomy, positive relations, environmental mastery, personal growth, purpose in life, and self-acceptance. The value of the Omega(w) reliability coefficient of the six subscales as well as the whole instrument was above .70. The present study has a practical implication by highlighting the factorial validity of a shorter (44-item) instrument, thus shortening the time necessary for data collection.
European Journal of Psychological Assessment 05/2014; 30(1):15. DOI:10.1027/1015-5759/a000163 · 2.53 Impact Factor
"Participants are asked to rate statements on a 5-point Likert scale ranging from 1 (highly disagree) to 5 (highly agree). The RAS is correlated with measures of self-esteem, empowerment, and quality of life . In the current study, the abbreviated 12-item Hebrew version was used . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although there are extensive theoretical reviews regarding the self-experience among persons with schizophrenia, there is limited research that addresses the implications of self-clarity on the recovery of persons with schizophrenia while exploring the role of possible mediators within this process. Accordingly, the current study explored the relationship between self-clarity and recovery while examining the possible mediating role of self-stigma and sense of meaning in life. 80 persons with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder were administered four scales: self-concept clarity, self-stigma, meaning in life, and recovery. Results confirmed the hypothesized model in which self-clarity affects self-stigma, self-stigma affects meaning in life, and meaning in life affects recovery. No direct relationship was uncovered between self-clarity and recovery. Implications of the current study for future research and clinical practice are discussed with the emphasis on the importance of the self-experience with regard to the process of recovery.
"Mental health court participants and key informants described social network members and the social environment as key factors in recovery and keeping out of trouble with the law such that forging relationships with network members with similar recovery goals and pro-social behaviors is necessary. Previous research suggests that individuals reporting more satisfaction with their networks were more likely to report hope for recovery and goals oriented around recovery efforts (Corrigan & Phelan, 2004) making the social networks of MHC participants a particularly promising point for intervention. "
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