Occupational back pain of nurses: Special problems and prevention.
ABSTRACT An observational study was performed to asses the nature and relative frequency of special circumstances of nursing which might contribute to occupational back pain and of preventive methods unique to nursing practice. The activities of 63 nurses were observed and coded in a behavioral scoring system. The group included registered nurses, licensed vocational nurses, aides and orderlies, and they worked in several different nursing units including intensive care units, medical/surgical units, post-anesthesia room and delivery room. Physical obstruction to easy contact with patients and fragile, extended attachments to patients were the most frequently observed problems. Mechanical assist devices, although available, were rarely employed. Assistance by a second staff member was the most commonly used preventive method. Such information is valuable for worker training programme design, job design and guiding priorities for future research.
SourceAvailable from: Denys Denis[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Analyse des stratégies de manutention chez des éboueurs au Québec Pistes de réflexions pour une formation à la manutention plus adaptée Troubles musculo-squelettiques
Chapter: Performance in nursing[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Nurses spend more time with patients than do any other health care providers, and patient outcomes are affected by nursing care quality. Thus, improvements in patient safety can be achieved by improving nurse performance. We review the literature on nursing performance, including cognitive, physical, and organizational factors that affect such performance, focusing on research studies that reported original data from nurse participants. Our review indicates that the nurse’s work system often does not accommodate human limits and capabilities and that nurses work under cognitive, perceptual, and physical overloads. Specifically, nurses engage in multiple tasks under cognitive load and frequent interruptions, and they encounter insufficient lighting, illegible handwriting, and poorly designed labels. They spend a substantial amount of their time walking, work long shifts, and experience a high rate of musculoskeletal disorders. Research is overdue in the areas of cognitive processes in nursing, effects of interruptions on nursing performance, communications during patient handoffs, and situation awareness in nursing. Human factors and ergonomics (HF/E) professionals must play a key role in the redesign of the nurses’ work system to determine how overloads can be reduced and how the limits and capabilities of performance can be accommodated. Collaboration between nurses and HF/E specialists is essential to improve nursing performance and patient safety.Reviews of Human Factors and Ergonomics,, Volume 5 edited by F. Durso, 06/2009: chapter Performance in Nursing: pages 1-40; Human Factors and Ergonomics Society.
Revue du Rhumatisme 02/2001; 68(2):163-165. DOI:10.1016/S1169-8330(00)00090-9