How do individuals sleep around the world? Results from a single-day survey in ten countries
ABSTRACT To describe between-country differences in both the prevalence and type of sleep disorders seen across the globe, and to provide information on how impaired sleep impacts daytime functioning.
The study is a large-scale, global cross-sectional survey conducted on International Sleep Well Day (March 21), 2002. A standardized questionnaire was used in 10 countries under the guidance of local survey managers. In addition, the Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS) and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) were completed. Subjects included in the study were adults from 10 countries representing different continents with clear variations in lifestyle.
The total number of questionnaires collected was 35,327. Overall, 24% of subjects reported that they did not sleep well. According to self-assessments using the AIS, 31.6% of subjects had 'insomnia', while another 17.5% could be considered as having 'sub-threshold insomnia'. According to ESS scores, 11.6% of subjects were found to be 'very sleepy' or 'dangerously sleepy' during the day.
Although there seem to be important global variations in the prevalence of insomnia, its symptoms and their management, about one in four individuals do not think they sleep well. Moreover, self-reported sleep problems could be underestimated in the general population. Overall, there is a need for increased awareness of the importance of disturbed sleep and the improved detection and management of sleep disorders.
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ABSTRACT: Sleep disturbance is commonly observed in patients with asthma, especially in those with poorly controlled asthma. Evaluating sleep quality to achieve good control of asthma is important since nocturnal asthmatic symptoms such as cough, wheezing, and chest tightness may disturb sleep. Actigraphy is an objective, ambulatory monitoring method for tracking a patient's sleep and wake activities and for assessing sleep quality, as reflected by total sleep time, sleep efficiency, duration of awakening after sleep onset (WASO), and sleep onset latency. Fifty patients with asthma were enrolled in this study. Sleep quality was assessed employing wristwatch-type actigraphy (Actiwatch 2). The level of asthma control was assessed by the Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ), and asthma-related quality of life was assessed by the Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ). The parameters for sleep quality were compared using ACQ scores, AQLQ scores, and pulmonary function test results. The total sleep time was 387.2 minutes, WASO was 55.8 minutes, sleep efficiency was 87.01%, sleep onset latency was 8.17 minutes, and the average ACQ was 0.36. Neither sleep efficiency nor WASO correlated with respiratory functions, ACQ scores, or AQLQ scores. Sleep-related parameters assessed by actigraphy in well-controlled asthma do not correlate with pulmonary functions, the asthma control level, or daytime quality of life. Sleep quality should be evaluated independently when asthma is well-controlled.International Journal of General Medicine 01/2014; 7:505-512. DOI:10.2147/IJGM.S72713
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ABSTRACT: The questions facing clinicians with patients with sleep disorder and epilepsy are addressed in this article. Both adult and child epilepsy are discussed in the context of the most typical questions a clinician would have, such as "Are parasomnias more common in people with epilepsy?", "Is sleep architecture abnormal in children with epilepsy", along with outcomes of numerous questionnaire-based, case-based, and double-blind placebo studies on such aspects as sleep duration, daytime sleepiness, anxiety and fears, limb movement, nocturnal seizures, agitation, behavioral disorders, and learning disorders. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America 01/2014; 24(1). DOI:10.1016/j.chc.2014.09.001 · 2.60 Impact Factor