Article

Changes in body fat and weight after a breast cancer diagnosis: influence of demographic, prognostic, and lifestyle factors.

Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale School of Medicine, PO Box 208034, New Haven, CT 06520-8034, USA.
Journal of Clinical Oncology (Impact Factor: 17.88). 03/2005; 23(4):774-82. DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2005.04.036
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Obese women and women who gain weight after a breast cancer diagnosis are at a greater risk for breast cancer recurrence and death compared with lean women and women who do not gain weight after diagnosis. In this population-based study, we assessed weight and body fat changes from during the first year of diagnosis to during the third year after diagnosis, and whether any changes in weight and body fat varied by demographic, prognostic, and lifestyle factors in 514 women with incident Stage 0-IIIA breast cancer.
Patients were participants in the Health, Eating, Activity, and Lifestyle (HEAL) study. Weight and body fat (via dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scans) were measured during the baseline visit and 2 years later at a follow-up visit. Analysis of covariance methods were used to obtain mean weight and body fat changes adjusted for potential cofounders.
Women increased their weight and percent body fat by 1.7 +/- 4.7 kg and 2.1% +/- 3.9%, respectively, from during their first year of diagnosis to during their third year of diagnosis. A total of 68% and 74% of patients gained weight and body fat, respectively. Greater increases in weight were observed among women diagnosed with a higher disease stage, younger age, being postmenopausal, and women who decreased their physical activity from diagnosis to up to 3 years after diagnosis (P for trend < .05).
Weight and body fat increased in the postdiagnosis period. Future research should focus on the effect of physical activity on weight and fat loss and breast cancer prognosis.

0 Followers
 · 
63 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background While weight gain following breast cancer is considered common, results supporting these findings are dated. This work describes changes in body weight following breast cancer over 72 months, compares weight with normative data and explores whether weight changes over time are associated with personal, diagnostic, treatment or behavioral characteristics.MethodsA population-based sample of 287 Australian women diagnosed with early-stage invasive breast cancer was assessed prospectively at six, 12, 18 and 72 months post-surgery. Weight was clinically measured and linear mixed models were used to explore associations between weight and participant characteristics (collected via self-administered questionnaire). Those with BMI changes of one or more units were considered to have experienced clinically significant changes in weight.ResultsMore than half (57%) of participants were overweight or obese at 6 months post-surgery, and by 72 months post-surgery 68% of women were overweight or obese. Among those who gained more weight than age-matched norms, clinically significant weight gain between 6 and 18 months and 6 and 72 months post-surgery was observed in 24% and 39% of participants, respectively (median [range] weight gain: 3.9kg [2.0-11.3kg] and 5.2kg [0.6-28.7], respectively). Clinically-significant weight losses were observed in up to 24% of the sample (median [range] weight loss between 6 and 72 months post-surgery: ¿6.4kg [¿1.9--24.6kg]). More extensive lymph node removal, being treated on the non-dominant side, receiving radiation therapy and lower physical activity levels at 6 months was associated with higher body weights post-breast cancer (group differences >3kg; all p¿<¿0.05).Conclusions While average weight gain among breast cancer survivors in the long-term is small, subgroups of women experience greater gains linked with adverse health and above that experienced by age-matched counterparts. Weight change post-breast cancer is a contemporary public health issue and the integration of healthy weight education and support into standard breast cancer care has potential to significantly improve the length and quality of cancer survivorship.
    BMC Cancer 01/2015; 15(1):28. DOI:10.1186/s12885-015-1026-2 · 3.32 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Obesity is a risk factor for cancer incidence and survival, but data on patterns of weight change in cancer survivors are scarce and few stratify by pre-diagnosis weight status. In two population-based cohorts of older adults, we examined weight change in cancer survivors and cancer-free controls in relation to baseline weight status. Methods: In the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) and the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), we identified participants diagnosed with cancer who had pre- and post-diagnosis BMI data (ELSA n = 264; HRS n = 2553), and cancer-free controls (ELSA n = 1538; HRS n = 4946). Repeated-measures ANOVAs tested three-way interactions by group (cancer/control), time (pre-/post-diagnosis), and pre-diagnosis weight status (normal-weight/overweight/obese). Results: Mean BMI change was -0.07 (SD = 2.22) in cancer survivors vs. +0.14 (SD = 1.11) in cancer-free controls in ELSA, and -0.20 (SD = 2.84) vs. +0.11 (SD = 0.93) respectively in HRS. Three-way interactions were significant in both cohorts (ELSA p = .015; HRS p < .001). In ELSA, mean BMI change in normal-weight cancer survivors was +0.19 (SD = 1.53) compared with -0.33 (SD = 3.04) in obese survivors. In ELSA controls, the respective figures were +0.09 (SD = 0.81) and +0.16 (SD = 1.50). In HRS, mean change in normal-weight cancer survivors was +0.07 (SD = 2.30) compared with -0.72 (SD = 3.53) in obese survivors. In HRS controls, the respective figures were +0.003 (SD = 0.66) and +0.27 (SD = 1.27). Conclusion: Over a four-year period, in two cohorts of older adults, cancer survivors lost weight relative to cancer-free controls. However, cancer survivors who were obese pre-diagnosis were more likely to lose weight than healthy-weight survivors or obese adults without a cancer diagnosis. Whether this was due to differences in clinical status or deliberate lifestyle change triggered by the cancer diagnosis is not known. Further research is needed to establish why weight loss occurs more frequently in cancer survivors who were obese at diagnosis, and whether this has favourable effects on mortality.
    BMC Cancer 12/2014; 14:926. DOI:10.1186/1471-2407-14-926 · 3.32 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Weight gain has been reported in early stage breast cancer patients during chemotherapy, but the involved mechanisms remain unclear. A chemotherapy-induced decrease of brown adipose tissue (BAT) activity may partly contribute to weight gain in these patients. A positron emission tomography/computed tomography scan was performed at baseline and after 1 course of docetaxel + trastuzumab treatment in 26 breast cancer women. Variation of the maximal standardized uptake value of BAT in the cervical and supraclavicular regions between the 2 measures was assessed according to weight changes. Overall, (18)F-FDG uptakes in BAT decreased by 11.3% after 1 course of chemotherapy (p = 0.03). No correlation was found between the baseline values of (18)F-FDG uptake and body mass index or age of patients, but as expected (18)F-FDG uptake was dependent on season period. Among the patients, 35% gained weight, 25% lost weight, and 40% remained stable. Women who gained weight during chemotherapy experienced a significant decrease of (18)F-FDG uptake in BAT (p = 0.005). Decreased activity of BAT was associated with body weight gain during chemotherapy. These original data suggest for the first time that BAT modulation by chemotherapy would be a potential contributor to body weight gain through blunted thermogenesis in breast cancer patients.
    Nutrition and Cancer 08/2014; 66(7):1-5. DOI:10.1080/01635581.2014.948212 · 2.47 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
37 Downloads
Available from
May 21, 2014