Perceived coercion at admission to psychiatric hospital and engagement with follow-up--a cohort study.
ABSTRACT Measures of perceived coercion at psychiatric hospital admission have been developed. We aimed to investigate predictors of perceived coercion in subjects admitted to psychiatric hospital in the UK, and to test the hypothesis that high perceived coercion at admission predicts poor engagement with community follow-up.
A cohort of consecutively admitted subjects were interviewed at admission and before discharge, and were followed prospectively for 10 months. Service use and compliance with care were rated from case notes and by clinicians.
One hundred interviews were obtained from 118 consecutive admissions (85%). Compulsory admission was strongly associated with perceived coercion, but one-third of voluntary patients felt highly coerced, and two-thirds were not certain they were free to leave hospital. Greater age, less insight, and non-white ethnicity were associated with high perceived coercion. Perceived coercion did not predict engagement with follow-up.
Services recognise provision of care in the least restrictive setting as a key objective. Perceived coercion should be regarded as an important outcome measure in service evaluation.
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